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Manic depressives (Bipolar I) have low vitamin D levels – Jan 2018

Exploring the relationship between vitamin D and mania: correlations between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity

Nordic Journal of Psychiatry online: 07 Jan 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1424238
Neslihan Altunsoy, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Merve Cingi Yirun, Ayşegül Kılıçarslan & Çiğdem Aydemir


Background: Several studies suggest an association between hypovitaminosis D and mood disorders including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. On the other hand, there is not enough study about acute manic episode and hypovitaminosis D. This data insufficient zone led us to study on whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with acute manic episode and has an impact on disease activity

Methods: Thirty-one patients with bipolar disorder in remission, 26 patients with acute manic episode and 40 healthy controls with no major psychopathology were recruited in this study. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and the Clinical Global Impression – Severety scale (CGI-S) were used to evaluate disease activity. Total vitamin D (D2 + D3) values were measured.

Results: Patients in acute manic episode had significantly lower (p = .002) vitamin D serum concentrations than healthy controls (respectively 15.16 ± 7.48 and 22.31 ± 8.8) but remission group’s serum concentrations (18.40 ± 7.30) did not differ significantly from healthy controls or acute manic episode patients (p > .05). We observed negative and moderate correlations between vitamin D levels and YMRS scores (r: −0.641, p < .001), vitamin D levels and CGI scores (r: −0.559, p= .003).

Conclusions: Our results contribute to the idea that vitamin D deficiency and acute manic episode may have interactions with many pathways. Future trials may investigate this association with longer follow up. We recommend that serum vitamin D levels should be measured in patients with bipolar disorder especially in long term care.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday March 27, 2018 23:23:03 UTC by admin. (Version 10)

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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
9173 Bipolar 1 mania.jpg admin 13 Jan, 2018 11:44 26.10 Kb 209
9172 Biploar ADHD Venn.jpg admin 13 Jan, 2018 11:44 40.63 Kb 169
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