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Embryo implantation for mice helped by Vitamin D, should help women – July 2024

The therapeutic effects of vitamin D3 administration on the embryo implantation

Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy Volume 176, July 2024, 116853 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2024.116853
Yu-Gyeong Lee a, Danbi Lee a, Hwijae Cha a b, Jungho Ahn c d, Hwa Seon Koo e f, Sun-Young Hwang a, Gaeun Lee a, Youn-Jung Kang c


  • Vitamin D3 cyclic treatments prior to embryo implantation improve endometrial receptivity and angiogenesis.
  • Vitamin D3 promotes recruitment of uterus-resident NK cells, required for the embryo implantation and pregnancy.
  • Vitamin D3 cyclic treatments enhance the stability of attached embryo and rates of embryo implantation.
  • Optimal strategy of vitamin D3 cyclic treatments might maximize the efficacy during IVF-ET for patients with infertility.

Various adjuvants have been tested clinically for patients with problems with embryo implantation during in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET). Vitamin D3, an essential modulator of various physiological processes, has received attention as an important adjuvant for successful pregnancy, as many studies have shown a strong association between vitamin D deficiency and implantation failure and fetal growth restriction. However, vitamin D has been widely utilized in different protocols, resulting in non-reproducible and debatable outcomes. In the present study, we demonstrated that cyclic intrauterine administration of vitamin D3 increased endometrial receptivity and angiogenesis, which could be attributed to increased recruitment of uterus-resident natural killer cells. In particular, cyclic treatment of vitamin D3 promoted stable attachment of the embryo onto endometrial cells in vitro, suggesting its merit during the early stage of embryo implantation to support the initial maternal-fetal interactions. Our findings suggest that women with repeated implantation failure may benefit from the use of vitamin D3 as a risk-free adjuvant prior to IVF-ET procedures to improve the uterine environment, and make it favorable for embryo implantation.
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