Determination of Vitamin D and Analysis of Risk Factors for Osteoporosis in Patients With Chronic Pain
World J Clin Cases. 2020 Jun 6;8(11):2150-2161. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v8.i11.2150.
Bao-Lin Duan 1, Yuan-Rong Mao 1, Li-Qi Xue 1, Qing-Yuan Yu 1, Mei-Yi Liu 2
Pain - chronic category has the following
- Overview Pain and Vitamin D
- Overview Fibromyalgia or Chronic Fatigue and vitamin D
- Overview Rheumatoid Arthritis and vitamin D
- Shingles and vitamin D
- Shin splints decrease with vitamin D
- Migraine and Vitamin D
- Headache category
- "musculoskeletal pain" 374 items as of March 2018
- "chronic fatigue" 185 items as of Jan 2017
- Category Back Pain
- "KNEE PAIN" 121 items as of March 2018
Items in both categories Osteoporosis and Pain are listed here:
- Chronic pain if osteoporosis and low vitamin D – June 2020
- Tibia pain (long term) is 20X more likely if low vitamin D (under 10 ng) – Jan 2018
- High dose vitamin reduced pain of fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis - July 2015
- Increased D levels responsible for Dead Sea therapy – May 2011
- Patients like me survey found vitamin D to be number one supplement
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic pain and healthy people, but the difference between the two has not been reported; thus, whether there is a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and chronic pain remains to be confirmed. Osteoporosis is a common disease in chronic pain disorders. Understanding the relationship between vitamin D and osteoporosis will provide a basis for the rational supplementation of vitamin D to prevent osteoporosis, and to understand the risk factors of bone mass change to provide a new treatment plan for early prevention of osteoporosis.
Aim: To determine 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) level in patients with chronic pain to clarify its clinical significance. The relationship between vitamin D and bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk factors for bone mass change were also evaluated.
Methods: In this study, 184 patients with chronic pain were included in the study group, and 104 healthy individuals who underwent routine health checkups during the same period were included in the control group. 25OHD level was detected in both groups by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. According to the BMD test results, the patients in the study group were further classified into three subgroups: Normal BMD group, reduced BMD group, and osteoporosis group. Age, sex, ethnicity, living altitude, body mass index, 25OHD level, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus levels were analyzed statistically in both groups.
Results: The vitamin D level in the study group was lower than that in the control group at 53.8% vs 57.7%, with no significant difference between the two groups. The proportion of patients with severe vitamin D deficiency in the study group was higher than that in the control group. The mean age was greater in the osteoporosis subgroup, and the youngest in the normal BMD subgroup. Vitamin D level in the osteoporosis subgroup was lower than that in the other two subgroups, and was not specific for the diagnosis of bone mass reduction and osteoporosis. The above results were analyzed statistically and showed significant differences (P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between age and BMD in patients with chronic pain (R = 0.567, P < 0.001). Age, PTH and Ca were risk factors for bone mass reduction, while age, ethnicity and altitude were risk factors for osteoporosis.
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is a common phenomenon in patients with chronic pain, and severe vitamin D deficiency is not uncommon. Vitamin D level is not a risk factor for bone mass reduction and osteoporosis. Bone mass reduction is correlated with age, PTH and Ca, while osteoporosis is correlated with age, ethnicity and altitude.Chronic pain if osteoporosis and low vitamin D – June 2020
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