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Biochemical rickets non-existent if breastfeeding mother got 600,000 IU of vitamin D (3 dollars) – RCT Dec 2017

Oral Supplementation of Parturient Mothers with Vitamin D and Its Effect on 25OHD Status of Exclusively Breastfed Infants at 6 Months of Age: A Double-Blind Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial.

Breastfeed Med. 2017 Dec;12(10):621-628. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2016.0164. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
Naik P1, Faridi MMA1, Batra P1, Madhu SV2.
1 Division of Neonatology, Dept of Pediatrics, U. College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital , Delhi, India .
2 Division of Metabolic Diseases, Dept of Medicine, U. College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital , Delhi, India .

VitaminDWiki
600,000 IU Controls
Mother at 6 months 40 ng23 ng
Infant at 6 month29 ng16 ng
Biochemical rickets0 10

VitaminDWiki suspects similar elimination of rickets if instead had given
   30,000 IU to infant monthly or 1,000 IU daily

Overview Loading of vitamin D contains the following

If a person is, or is suspected to be, very vitamin D deficient a loading dose is typically given

  • Loading = repletion = quick replacement (previously known as Stoss)
  • Loading doses range in size from 100,000 IU to 1,000,000 IU of Vitamin D3
  • The size of the loading dose is a function of body weight - see below
    Unfortunately, some doctors persist in using Vitamin D2 instead of D3
  • Loading may be done as quickly as a single day, to as slowly as 3 months.
    It appears that spreading the loading dose over 4-20 days is a good compromise
  • Loading is typically oral, but sometimes by injection (I.M,)
  • The loading dose persists in the body for about 3 months
    The loading dose should be followed up with continuing maintenance
    Unfortunately, many doctors fail to follow-up with the maintenance dosing.
  • As about 1 in 300 people have some form of mild allergic reaction to vitamin D supplements,
    it appears prudent to test with a small amount of vitamin D before giving a loading dose
  • The causes of a mild allergic reaction appear to be: (in order of occurance)
    1) lack of magnesium - which can be easily added
    2) allergy to capsule contents - oil, additives (powder does not appear to cause any reaction)
    3) allergy to the tiny amount of D3 itself (allergy to wool) ( alternate: D3 made from plants )


BACKGROUND: Exclusively breastfed infants are at increased risk of vitamin D deficiency and many lactating mothers have been found deficient in 25OHD stores.

OBJECTIVE: To compare serum vitamin D levels in exclusively breastfed infants at 6 months of age with or without oral supplementation of 600,000 IU of vitamin D3 to mothers in early postpartum period.

METHODS:
Exclusively breastfeeding term parturient mothers were randomized 24-48 hours following delivery to receive either 600,000 IU of vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) over 10 days in a dose of 60,000 IU/day or placebo. 25OHD levels were measured by Radio Immuno Assay method at recruitment and after 6 months in all mothers and their infants. Urinary calcium and creatinine ratio was measured to monitor adverse effects of vitamin D3 in both mothers and infants at 14 weeks and 6 months of age. X-ray of both wrists in anteroposterior view and serum alkaline phosphatase of infants were done in both groups at 6 months of age to look for evidence of rickets.

RESULTS:
Maternal profile was similar in intervention (A) and control (B) groups. Mothers' serum 25OHD levels at recruitment were also similar being 16.2 ± 9.3 ng/mL in group A and 14.1 ± 7.1 ng/mL in group B. After 6 months, 25OHD levels were 40.3 ± 21.6 and 22.9 ± 20.1 ng/mL in group A and group B mothers (p ≤ 0.00), respectively. The serum 25OHD levels in cord blood were 9.9 ± 5.7 and 8.9 ± 5.1 ng/mL, respectively, in infants born to mothers in intervention and control groups (p = 0.433). At 6 months of age, the serum 25OHD levels significantly (p < 0.00) raised to 29.1 ± 14.6 ng/mL in infants of group A compared to those of group B (15.7 ± 17.7 ng/mL). Four infants developed radiological rickets at 6 months of age, two infants each in intervention group and study group. As against 10 infants in the control group (16.94%), no infant in the study group had biochemical rickets. Urinary calcium and creatinine ratio in mothers and infants at 14 weeks and 6 months of age in both intervention and study group was within normal limits, indicating there was no adverse effects of oral administration of 600,000 IU of vitamin D3.

CONCLUSION:
Serum 25OHD levels of exclusively breastfed infants significantly rise at 6 months of age when their mothers are orally supplemented with 60,000 IU of vitamin D3 daily for 10 days in the early postpartum period in comparison to infants of vitamin D3 unsupplemented mothers.

PMID: 29027817 DOI: 10.1089/bfm.2016.0164

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