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Health problem frequency - 1997

Rate of Human Problems by Tom Chester

Many of the problems which vitamin D can reduce have been highlighted
This will allow prioritizing vitamin D benefits by frequency of occurrence
But not prioritize the problem by impact on the person - say # of disability life years, death, etc

http://home.znet.com/schester/facts/rate_of_human_problems.html 1997



Rate (%)

Disease, Problem or Condition

>99

10-20% of the population contracts flu each year, causing about 20,000 deaths in the U.S.

>99

Sinus infections send Americans to doctors' offices 16 million times yearly.

>99

Pneumococcus causes about 7 million cases of otitis media (middle ear infection) each year in the U.S.

>99

Most people suffer 10-12headaches a year.

>99

Ninety percent of Americans catch a cold each year. Adults and teenagers average 2-4 colds per year; children get 6-8.

>99

90.5 million Americans made emergency room visits in 1994.

99

99% of us will be a victim of theft at least once in their lifetime, and 87% will have property stolen 3 or more times.

96

Approximately 4 million Americans are infected annually by a 'zoonotic' disease [one contracted from an animal].

96

96% of us have cavities; some 75% will experience gum disease.

92

By age 75, 92% of the elderly have presbyopia.

90

More than 9 out of 10 infants get roseola.

85

Acne occurs in 80% of girls and 90% of boys during adolescence.

80

80% of us will be a victim of violent crime at least once.

80

6 million Americans consult their doctors about back pain every year, and fully 80% of us have sought help for an aching back at least once.

74

74% of Americans 25 or older are overweight, up from 71% a year ago and only 59% in 1986

65

Gynecomastia (abnormally large breasts) affects 60-70% of males during puberty . . . and 15% of adult men.

60

1% of the population gets infected with salmonella each year.

60

5 million Americans arrive at emergency rooms with chest pain each year.

60

Prostate cancer afflicts some 50-70% of men in Western countries by age 70.
Physicians in the US diagnose about 165,000 new cases of prostate cancer each year, and some 35,000 men die of it annually.

56

Arthritis was reported by 8.6% of women aged 15 to 44, 33.5 % of women aged 45 to 64, and 55.8% of women over age 65, 60% higher than for men.

54

Men over age 65 have an average risk of 30%, and women 54%, of entering a nursing home sometime in the future.

52

Up to 30 million American men are impotent, including one out of every three men over age 60. 52% of men ages 40-70 have had some form of the condition.

50

One in two American adults reports trouble sleeping at least one night a week, and one in eight claims to sleep poorly at least four nights a week.

50

Nearly half of everyone over 75 has cataracts, and nearly 20 percent of those between the ages of 65 and 75 have cataracts that interfere with vision.

50

Half the population has bad breath some of the time.

50

Almost one-half of the population aged 45 to 74 is missing all their teeth (1988 rate; in 2006 the U.S. rate is down to 25%)

50

Alzheimer's Disease may affect almost half of the U.S. population aged 85 and older.

50

Half of the population of children in the world are allergic, up from 20%.

48

At least a million dog bites are reported each year, with twice that number estimated to be going unreported. More than 60% of the victims are children. Dog attacks are the most commonly reported childhood public health problem in the country.

47

90 million Americans - 47% of the adult population - have only rudimentary literacy skills.

40

Up to 40% of persons 60 and older could benefit from a device to improve their hearing.

40

More than 1/3 of adults, 100 million Americans, are visually impaired without the aid of glasses of contact lenses. Near-sightedness (myopia) is suffered by 70 million Americans.

40

4 out of 10 people will be injured in a robbery or assault.

37

37% of males and 35% of females die from heart disease.

36

About 7% of Americans experience "heartburn" (reflux of gastric acid back-up into the mouth) every day, and about 36% of people do so at least once a month.

35

A 25-year-old professional male stands a 34.8% chance of suffering a long-term disability by age 65 (average duration of the disability is 26 months).

33

One in three Americans are expected to contract some type of (cancer) in their lifetime. Cancer causes 22% of deaths.

33

About 1 in 3 older adults are prone to occasional nights of sleeping poorly.

33

About 1 in 3 women experience stress incontinence (involuntary passage of urine) during exercise.

33

By age 75, 25% of men and 33% of women have developed symptoms of macular degeneration.

32

Nearly one-third of Americans will suffer from at least one major mental illness during their lifetime. About a fifth of American adults experience some form of disorder affecting emotions, thoughts, personality or behavior during the course of a year.

30

10-40% of Americans are infected with toxoplasmosis.

27

25-30% of Americans smoke.

27

There are an estimated 8,000,000 elderly Americans who suffer from glaucoma.

25

About 25% of women over age 65 have an inflammatory condition of the thyroid that results in hypothyroidism.

25

Roughly 25% of Americans suffer from a metabolic disorder called insulin resistance.

24

24% of people surveyed complained of fatigue that lasts longer than two weeks.

24

Heart attack is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Every year, 1.5 million Americans have a heart attack.

22

22% of women said they had been coerced into a sexual encounter.

20

20% of people who go to other countries get sick.

20

Nearly 20% of all Americans over 55 have diabetes.

20

One person in five suffers from cold sores.

20

About 50 million Americans have dandruff.

20

More than 50 million Americans suffer from seasonal and/or year-round allergies (about 22 million Americans have seasonal allergies).

20

Nearly 20 percent of those between the ages of 65 and 75 have cataracts that interfere with vision.

20

About 50 million Americans suffer from high blood pressure (10 million are unaware of it, and 25 million know they have it but don't control their high blood pressure.) More than 25% of men have hypertension.

20

1 out of 5 men has spent a night in jail.

19

4% to 34% of all children complain of growing pains.

17

An estimated 1 in 6 American adults suffers from chronic insomnia.

17

1 out of 6 people develop an actinic keratosis during their lifetime.

15

More than 8% of the population suffers from panic attacks, and nearly 15% of the people in the U.S. suffer such attacks occasionally.

15

200,000-900,000 Americans ages 10 to 49 have serious coughs caused by pertussis [whooping cough] each year.

15

37 million Americans have high cholesterol.

13

Latex allergy affects from 5-20% of all health-care personnel who wear gloves much of the workday.

12

One in eight US residents develops kidney stones.

11

Each year, about 440,000 babies are born prematurely in the US.

11

Approximately 28 million [people in the US] suffer actual hearing loss.

11

There are 700,000 or more new cases per year of skin cancer in the US. It is now the most common cancer in women in their 20s and 30s.

11

One out of 9 US residents endures mild depression that is pronounced enough to affect their jobs and families.

10

Severe depression [is] experienced by nearly 10% of all teenagers.

10

4-10% of the general population, with women making up 75% of patients - have reactions to cold so severe that reaching into the freezer or working in an air-conditioned office can trigger an attack of stinging cold digits.

10

One out of every 10 Americans will have a peptic ulcer sometime during his or her life.

10

Pneumococcus causes about 500,000 cases of pneumonia each year in the U.S.

10

One in 10 Americans has some form of hearing impairment which affects their ability to understand speech and conduct normal conversation.

8

An estimated 8% of 7-year-olds suffer from enuresis (bed-wetting).

8

Over 675,000 people are bitten by cats each year.

8

20 million Americans suffer from visual impairments that cannot be corrected with glasses and 14 million have severe visual impairment not correctable by glasses.

8

4.8 million (up from 3 million) children in the US, 1 in 13, are asthmatic, together with 9.8 million adult asthmatics. It is the No. 1 chronic disease of children.

8

23% of black mothers are infected with bacterial vaginosis, 15% of Hispanics and 8% of whites.

8

8% of Americans have a gene variant that reduces the risk of lung cancer by about 54% among smokers.

7

The appendix causes trouble in about 4 of every 1,000 children under 14 and in one of 15 adults. Each year more than 250,000 Americans undergo an appendectomy.

7

Nearly 14 million American adults - more than 7% of the population - have a problem with alcohol.
Perhaps 3 million people in the US over the age of 60 are alcoholics or drink too much.

7

More than 10 million Americans - 85% of them women - suffer from incontinence.

7

About 18 million Americans suffer from migraines at least once a year.

7

About 17 million Americans agonize with [depression] to varying degrees

6

The heart attack rate of about 150 per year for every 100,000 sedentary women fell to about 84, a 44% drop, in the most active women.

6

16 million Americans now have diabetes.

5

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the most common psychiatric disorder of childhood, causes as many as 5% of children to be restless, inattentive and often disruptive in the classroom.

5

Strokes are the nation's third leading cause of death after heart attacks and cancer. Strokes annually kill 200,000 Americans; nearly three-quarters are men.

5

Acne affects about 5% of the adult population, even men and women in their 40s who never had acne in their teens.

4

10 million Americans [have] dry eye syndrome [which] makes them feel like their eyeballs are rolling around the Sahara Desert.

4

10 million Americans suffer from temporomandibular disorders [jaw pain], in one form or another, and 5- 10% of them have persistent problems.

4

At least 10 million Americans are being treated for thyroid conditions.

4

[There are] more than 9 million blind and visually impaired individuals in the US alone.

4

4% of Americans develop colon cancer.

3

Eczema occurs in about 3% of the U.S. population.

3

About 3% of American adults - 5 million - are considered severely mentally ill.

3

Whiplash, a common neck injury, affects 120,000 Americans a year.

2.8

2.8% of men and 1.5% of women said they were homosexual or bisexual (see note).

2.7

2.7% of adults are behind bars, on parole, or on probation.

2.6

One in every 33 infants suffers from some sort of birth defect
2.25% of babies are born with birth defects.

2.5

In Western cultures, 1-5% of the population appears regularly to experience fantasies which seem as real as actual events, even though they are entirely fictional

2.2

2.2% of the population is a twin, since twins occur about once in every 89 births, making 2 people out of 90 a twin.

2

Obsessive-compulsive disorder affects as many as five million Americans. It occurs equally often in men and women and can strike at any age, thought it usually appears during late adolescence.

2

2% of the population is afflicted with Body dysmorphic disorder, or BDD, a preoccupation with an imagined or a slight defect so intense that some victims are incapable of functioning normally.

2

Nearly 200,000 Americans must undergo dialysis or transplants each year because their kidneys have failed, and one-fourth of them die.

2

1-3% of females in many Western nations develop bulimia as teenagers or young adults.

2

The rate of strokes fell 42%, from about 90 per 100,000 sedentary women to about 52.

1.8

1.8% of families lose at least one parent to death before the youngest child turns 18.

1.6

There are an estimated 4 million deaf people in the US.

1.2

An estimated 2 million American women have had silicone breast implants
About 1 million women have breast implants.

1.1

2.8 million Americans are color-blind.

1

Lifetime risk for malignant melanoma is now 1 out of 120, and experts expect it to climb to 1 in 100 for whites. The rate of melanoma deaths rose by 34%, from 1.6 per 100,000 people in 1973 to nearly 2.2 in 1992.

0.8

More than 2 million Americans have manic-depressive illness.

0.8

About 2 million Americans in North America suffer with Crohn's disease and colitis, known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Some 1 million of those have ostomies, surgically formed openings that serve as the exit site for wastes to a pouch or bag outside the body.

0.8

About 51,000 people annually are diagnosed with B-cell lymphoma, which attacks the lymph nodes.

0.8

There are 2 million stutterers in the nation.

0.8

Celiac sprue, a genetic disorder which affects the intestinal track if gluten is consumed, destroying its ability to absorb nutrients, affects nearly one of every 133 Americans

0.5

About 1.2 million Americans suffer from chronic HBV infection.

0.5

Each year approximately 40,000 people suffer sports-related eye injuries serious enough to require emergency room treatment.

0.4

About a million Americans have Parkinson's Disease.

Rate (%)

Disease, Problem or Condition

0.3

Sickle cell disease strikes one in every 375 African American children.

0.3

About 40,000 corneal transplants are performed in the U.S. each year.

0.3

20,000 primary brain tumors are diagnosed in the U.S. each year.

0.14

About one woman in 700 is a silent carrier of the fragile X genetic defect and thus at risk of bearing a mentally retarded child.

0.13

300,000 - 350,000 Americans have multiple sclerosis (MS).

0.12

Down syndrome strikes one in 800 people.

0.11

9,000 people die of oral cancer every year.

0.1

250,000 Americans are afflicted by partial or total paralysis because of spinal cord injury.

0.1

Blacks have less than a 1 in 1000 chance of developing malignant melanoma.

0.1

Fragile X syndrome affects one in every 1,000 people.

0.05

Pneumococcus causes about 3,000 cases of meningitis each year in the U.S.

0.04

Cystic fibrosis strikes one in 2,500 people.

0.04

Retinitis pigmentosa affects nearly 100,000 Americans.

0.04

0.04% of the population is a triplet, since triplets occur about once in every 7,900 births.

0.034

Huntington's [disease] is one of the common inherited brain disorders. About 25,000 Americans have it, and an additional 60,000 carry the defective gene and will develop the disorder as they age.

0.033

1 in every 300 adult males is a convicted and registered child molester in California.

0.029

One in every 3,500 children is growth-hormone-deficient.

0.024

Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating bacteria) strikes 500 to 1,500 Americans a year, killing about 200.

0.02

60,000 Americans suffer from Huntington's and 6 similar diseases, which interfere with the ability to walk and move and are eventually fatal, and perhaps twice that many carry one of the genes and will eventually develop symptoms.

0.02

2 out of every 1,000 children suffer from autism symptoms.

0.02

Long QT syndrome, an inherited disorder that causes a rapid heartbeat, fainting, and sometimes death, affects as many as 1 in 5,000 people.

0.014

One in 7,000 U.S. babies suffers from choanal atresia, a sometimes-fatal birth defect in which the membrane in the back of the nose doesn't form natural breathing holes during fetal development .

0.009

[Chronic fatigue syndrome] strikes up to 9 in every 100,000 Americans.

0.008

Phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disease that eventually can cause mental retardation, affects about one in every 12,000 newborns.

0.005

[Adrenal disease] afflicts 39 to 60 people out of every million.

0.0006

0.0006% of the population is a quadruplet, since quadruplets occur about once in every 705,000 births.



Health problem frequency - 1997        

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