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Pulmonary disease and vitamin D – Mar 2011

The role of vitamin D in Pulmonary disease: COPD, asthma, infection, and cancer

Christian Herr 3,1, Timm Greulich 1, Rembert A Koczulla 1, Silke Meyer 2, Tetyana Zakharkina 3,1, Meret Branscheidt 1, Rebecca Eschmann 1 and Robert Bals 3,1*
* Corresponding author: Robert Bals robert.bals at uks.eu
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division for Pulmonary Diseases, Philipps-Universtät Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology & Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany
3 Department of Pulmonology, University of the Saarland, 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
Respiratory Research 2011, 12:31 doi:10.1186/1465-9921-12-31
Received: 3 May 2010; Accepted: 18 March 2011; Published: 18 March 2011

The role of vitamin D (VitD) in calcium and bone homeostasis is well described. In the last years, it has been recognized that in addition to this classical function, VitD modulates a variety of processes and regulatory systems including host defense, inflammation, immunity, and repair. VitD deficiency appears to be frequent in industrialized countries. Especially patients with lung diseases have often low VitD serum levels. Epidemiological data indicate that low levels of serum VitD is associated with impaired pulmonary function, increased incidence of inflammatory, infectious or neoplastic diseases. Several lung diseases, all inflammatory in nature, may be related to activities of VitD including asthma, COPD and cancer. The exact mechanisms underlying these data are unknown, however, VitD appears to impact on the function of inflammatory and structural cells, including dendritic cells, lymphocytes, monocytes, and epithelial cells. This review summarizes the knowledge on the classical and newly discovered functions of VitD, the molecular and cellular mechanism of action and the available data on the relationship between lung disease and VitD status.
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See also VitaminDWiki

Vitamin D and wheeze – especially in seniors – Aug 2011

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