Vitamin D supplements reduce depressive symptoms and cardiac events in heart failure patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms.
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2017 Aug 1:1474515117727741. doi: 10.1177/1474515117727741. [Epub ahead of print]
- Vitamin D augmented conventional Congestive Heart Failure treatment in perhaps 10 ways – case reports April 2017
- Chronic Heart Failure reduced by 4,000 IU daily for a year – RCT April 2016
- Congestive heart failure in infants virtually cured by 1000 IU of vitamin D – RCT Feb 2012
- Depression in cardiovascular patients is associated with less than 15 ng vitamin D – June 2010
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- Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D
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- Coronary Artery Disease and Vitamin D - many studies 18+
- Arteries and Atherosclerosis and Vitamin D - many studies 71+
- Atrial Fibrillation decreased by Vitamin D or Magnesium - many studies 26+
- Statins and Vitamin D - many studies
- Arterial Stiffness and Vitamins – only Vitamin D was found to help – meta-analysis Feb 2022
- Those raising Vitamin D above 30 ng were 1.4 X less likely to die of Heart Attack (VA 19 years) – Oct 2021
- Giving free vitamin D to every Iranian would pay for itself by just reducing CVD – Oct 2021
- Sudden Cardiac Arrest – 2.8 X higher risk if low vitamin D – 2019
- Peripheral arterial disease risk is 1.5X higher if low vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018
- Heart attack ICU costs cut in half by Vitamin D – Oct 2018
- Cardiovascular disease 2.3 X more-likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2022
- Cholesterol is needed to produce both Vitamin D and Cortisol
- Overview Cholesterol and vitamin D
- Statins and Vitamin D - many studies statins often reduce levels of vitamin D
- Statin side-effects are reduced by Vitamin D – US patent Application – April 2019
Study is available at SciHub and at the bottom of this page
Song EK1, Wu JR2, Moser DK3, Kang SM4, Lennie TA3.
1 Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan, Korea.
2 School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
3 College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, USA.
4 Cardiology Division, Severance Hospital, Yonsei Cardiovascular Center and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Korea.
Note Adequate is defined by this study as > 400 IU from dietary sources
Far greater separation of variables on the chart expected if blood test measurements had been used
Depressive symptoms and vitamin D deficiency predict cardiac events in heart failure patients, but whether vitamin D supplements are associated with depressive symptoms and cardiac events in heart failure patients remains unknown.
The purpose of this study was to compare the association of vitamin D supplement use with depressive symptoms and cardiac events in heart failure patients with mild or moderate to severe depressive symptoms.
A total of 177 heart failure patients with depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥5) completed a three-day food diary to determine dietary vitamin D deficiency. Patients were split into four groups by dietary vitamin D adequacy versus deficiency and vitamin D supplement use versus non-use. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to reassess depressive symptoms at six months. Data on cardiac events for up to one year and vitamin D supplement use were obtained from patient interview and medical record review. Hierarchical linear and Cox regressions were used for data analysis.
Sixty-six patients (37.3%) had dietary vitamin D deficiency and 80 (45.2%) used vitamin D supplements. In patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms, the group with dietary vitamin D deficiency and no supplements had the highest Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at six months (β=0.542, p<0.001) and shortest cardiac event-free survival ( p<0.001) among the four groups, the group with dietary vitamin D deficiency and no supplements didn't have the highest Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at six months and shortest cardiac event-free survival in patients with mild depressive symptoms.
Vitamin D supplements predicted lower depressive symptoms and reduced cardiac events for patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms. Vitamin D deficiency was associated with higher risk of shorter cardiac event-free survival in heart failure patients regardless of vitamin D supplementation.
PMID: 28829157 DOI: 10.1177/1474515117727741
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