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1400 IU of Vitamin D from Summer noonday German sun from a 10 minute walk – Feb 2018

Impact of Orientation on the Vitamin D Weighted Exposure of a Human in an Urban Environment.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Aug 16;14(8). pii: E920. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14080920.


10 minute walk at noon on a clear day in Germany (no clouds, haze, smog)

Spring head + hands 7% of skin1400 IU
Summer head + hands + arms20% of skin250 IU


  1. Assumes White skin
    Dark skin can be 2X to 5X less responsive
  2. Assumes not obese
    more than half of Vitamin D goes to fat cells, not to the body
  3. Assumes young
    only about 1/3 as much vitamin D is generated by elderly skin
  4. Assumes same amount generated by each skin area
    see Little Vitamin D generated by face and hands - June 2015
  5. Assumes an unspecified amount of head hair
  6. Assumes same skin response regardless of the time of year
    seems unlikely
  7. Vitamin D winter does not appear to exist

See also VitaminDWiki

No – 10 minutes per day of sun-UVB is NOT enough contains the following summary

WRONG most of the time 

  • 5-10 minutes provides only 1,000 IU ONLY IF you are near the equator
  • AND young
  •   AND not obese
  •      AND have light skin
  •       AND it is summer
  •         AND it is the middle of the day
  •           AND you have lots of skin exposed to the sun
  •             AND you are lying down
  •               AND you are not wearing sunscreen.
  •                 AND you have a healthy Liver

Time in the sun to get 4000 IU

at is.gd/timeinsun
Exposure to sunlight, specifically the ultraviolet radiation, has both positive and negative health effects. Maximizing the benefits (vitamin D synthesis) while minimizing the damage is a multifaceted problem in which many of the elements are poorly quantified. Here we show how rigorously conducted large sample size laboratory studies of the effect of ultraviolet radiation dose on vitamin D status can be applied to real-life situations. This was achieved by modeling the radiation incident on different surfaces for different solar locations, and equating with the controlled exposures in the laboratory studies.

Registered readers can CLICK HERE to see the PDF file

Vitamin D sun time suggestions condensed from Translated German website

Time vs skin type (on each side of body – in Southern Europe/US, June-August, 11 – 2PM)

  • Type 1 may get 5 minutes per day.
  • Type 2 can get 10 minutes per day.
  • Type 3 may get 15 minutes per day.
  • Type 4 should get 20 minutes per day.
  • Type 5 should get 25 minutes per day.
  • Type 6 should get 30 minutes per day.

used on wikipage:http://www.vitamindwiki.com/tiki-index.php?page_id=1689


  • When first tanning reduce the following times by half.
  • Lie down so that you get into a shadow at the time alloted.
  • Always take a short-time with the sun.
  • Do not exceed these times, it will redden your skin, and cause skin damage and sunburn

Added by VitaminDWiki

  • Increase times 3X if elderly
  • Increase times 2X if overweight
  • Increase times 3X if cloudy or you are in the shade
  • Increase times 2X if hazy
  • Increase times 2X if standing
  • Add 10 minute? if very far from equator: Alaska/Finland
  • Decrease times ( 1/2 ?) if near equator
  • The times above assume
    • % of body exposed to sun - we guess 30% = shorts and T shirt
    • Daily? rather than 3 days a week

McKenzie - 2009.pdf has the following graph

SED = “standard erythema dose” = approximately the UV Index.

Erythemal dose = amount of sun to create a slight reddening of skin

UV index for a light skinned person

1.5 = 1 hour
3.0 = 1/2 hour
6.0 = 1/3 hour

UV index for a person with black skin

1.5 = 5 hour
3.0 = 2.5 hour
6.0 = 5/6 hour
alternate term: MED =“minimal erythemal dose” – varies with darkness of skin

UV Index Minnesota


Sunshine Prescription June 2012

 see webpage http://www.is.gd/timeinsun

Experiment in getting 20 minutes of mid-day sun every weekday in Korea ( same latitude as Washington DC)

Exposure on hands, forearms and face every weekday for four weeks. Facial sunblock and sunglasses were permitted.
Vitamin D levels DECREASED. But it was October/November
Experiment reported in Vitamin D Council Jan 2013


 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Schrempf M1, Thuns N2, Lange K3, Seckmeyer G4.
1 Institute of Meteorology and Climatology, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany. schrempf at muk.uni-hannover.de.
2 Institute of Meteorology and Climatology, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany. thuns at muk.uni-hannover.de.
3 Institute of Meteorology and Climatology, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany. lange at muk.uni-hannover.de.
4 Institute of Meteorology and Climatology, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany. seckmeyer at muk.uni-hannover.de.

The vitamin D₃-weighted UV exposure of a human with vertical posture was calculated for urban locations to investigate the impact of orientation and obstructions on the exposure. Human exposure was calculated by using the 3D geometry of a human and integrating the radiance, i.e., the radiant energy from the direct solar beam and the diffuse sky radiation from different incident and azimuth angles. Obstructions of the sky are derived from hemispherical images, which are recorded by a digital camera with a fisheye lens. Due to the low reflectivity of most surfaces in the UV range, the radiance from obstructed sky regions was neglected. For spring equinox (21 March), the exposure of a human model with winter clothing in an environment where obstructions cover 40% of the sky varies by up to 25%, depending on the orientation of the human model to the sun. The calculation of the accumulated vitamin D₃-weighted exposure of a human with winter clothing walking during lunch break shows that human exposure is reduced by the obstruction of buildings and vegetation by 40%.

PMID: 28813022 PMCID: PMC5577621 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14080920

Created by admin. Last Modification: Sunday February 18, 2018 02:29:43 UTC by admin. (Version 6)
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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
9360 Impact of Orientation.pdf PDF 2018 admin 16 Feb, 2018 19:11 7.25 Mb 12
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