1. Kendra A. Young, MSPH1,
2. Janet K. Snell-Bergeon, PHD2, janet.snell-bergeon at ucdenver.edu
3. Ramachandra G. Naik, MD3,
4. John E. Hokanson, PHD1,
5. David Tarullo, BS2,
6. Peter A. Gottlieb, MD2,4,
7. Satish K. Garg, MD2,4 and
8. Marian Rewers, MD2
1.Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
2. Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
3. Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, New Jersey
4. Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
Diabetes Care February 2011 vol. 34 no. 2 454-458; Received May 11, 2010; Accepted October 11, 2010.
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to examine the relationship among serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), polymorphisms in vitamin D-associated genes, and the presence and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in adults with type 1 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This prospective study included 374 non-Hispanic white individuals with type 1 diabetes (mean age 40 ± 9 years; 46% were male). CAC was measured at the baseline and 3- and 6-year follow-up visits were determined by electron beam computed tomography. Serum 25[OH]D levels were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry at the 3-year visit.
RESULTS Normal (>30 ng/mL), insufficient (20–30 ng/mL), and deficient (<20 ng/mL) 25-OHD levels were present in 65%, 25%, and 10% of the individuals with type 1 diabetes, respectively. 25[OH]D deficiency was associated with the presence of CAC at the 3-year visit, odds ratio (OR) = 3.3 (95% CI 1.6–7.0), adjusting for age, sex, and hours of daylight. In subjects free of CAC at the 3-year visit, 25[OH]D deficiency predicted the development of CAC over the next 3 years in those with the vitamin D receptor M1T CC genotype (OR = 6.5 [1.1–40.2], P = 0.04) than in those with the CT or TT genotype (OR = 1.6 [0.3–8.6], P = 0.57).
CONCLUSIONS Vitamin D deficiency independently predicts prevalence and development of CAC,
a marker of coronary artery plaque burden, in individuals with type 1 diabetes.
- - - - - - - - - -
- Overview of Diabetes and vitamin D
- All items in Diabetes category 131 items as of Oct 2011
- Vitamin D probably prevent and treat T1 & T2 Diabetes – June 2010 table of 13 intervention studies
- Overview of Vitamin D and Insulin – 2010
- Reduced chance of diabetes 46 percent with Magnesium - Oct 2010 no mention of Vitamin D
- Calcium without vitamin D increased heart risk by 30 percent - Jan 2011
- Heart attacks increased by 30% in those taking 500 mg of Calcium without vitamin D – July 2010
- Strength of evidence for Calcium at NLM – Oct 2010 before IoM pronouncement of Nov 2010
- Vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease April 2010 another disease associated with low vitamin D]