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Painful to be a female Saudi teacher (very low vitamin D) – Nov 2014

The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain & its associated factors among female Saudi school teachers.

Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Nov-Dec;30(6):1191-6. doi: 10.12669/pjms.306.5778.
Abdulmonem A1, Hanan A2, Elaf A3, Haneen T4, Jenan A5.

VitaminDWiki Summary

95 % return of distributed questionnaires to female teachers
(pain might be a problem)

Pain – severe DeficiencyOK level
Neck 16%8.6%
Shoulder 29% 13%
Elbow 8.5%1.4%
Wrist 25%10%
Upper back 25%10%
Lower back 50% 21%
Hip joint24%7%
Heel 32%9%

No definition in the study of deficiency, < 20 ng/ml?
Neither of the words BLOOD or SERUM are in the PDF (no blood tests?)
Neither of the words CLOTH or CLOTHING are in the PDF
The study says 40% of teachers wake up at night due to musculoskeletal pain.
The study does not mention pain for male teachers – who are NOT heavily clothed
The study concludes by recommending
  “An appropriate exercise program” for the female teachers

To quantify the prevalence and identify the associated factors of musculoskeletal pain among Saudi female school teachers.

An observational quantitative cross-sectional survey of female Saudi school teachers in five different areas of Saudi Arabia was carried out between August and October 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was used in which the items related to participants' demographic information and pain information were included. A numeric pain rating scale was used for patient self-reporting of pain. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS Pc+ version 21.0 statistical software.

Four hundred and eighty six female school teachers responded to the survey. Severe Low back pain was reported by 38.1% of teacher, followed by knee pain (26.3%), heel (24.1%), shoulder (20.6%), upper back (17.7%), hip joint (16.5%),ankle (12.3%), neck (11.3%). Sever pain of elbow (5.6%) and wrist (7.4%) was the least reported. Pain affected work at school in 46.1% of school teachers. A combination of variables: body mass index, Vitamin D deficiency, teaching level, presence of chronic illness, were found to be significantly associated with musculoskeletal pain.

The results of self-reported prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among female Saudi school teachers is useful to educate the school teachers for adequate care so as to prevent these pains. There is a need for the higher authorities to address this issue and implement intervention programs to alleviate the pain and suffering of these school teachers.

PMID: 25674106
 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

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See also VitaminDWiki

NOTE: Saudi has the the most conservative dress code for women

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
5219 Saudi teacher.jpg admin 23 Mar, 2015 162.50 Kb 1294
5218 Saudi woman teacher2.jpg admin 23 Mar, 2015 28.07 Kb 1479
5217 Saudi woman teacher.jpg admin 23 Mar, 2015 32.45 Kb 1200
5216 Saudi women teachers.jpg admin 23 Mar, 2015 27.95 Kb 1226
5215 Pain - Saudi Teachers.pdf admin 23 Mar, 2015 813.87 Kb 1084