Dairy-Food, Calcium, Magnesium, and Vitamin D Intake and Endometriosis: A Prospective Cohort Study
Am. J. Epidemiol. (2013) doi: 10.1093/aje/kws243
Holly R. Harris*, Jorge E. Chavarro, Susan Malspeis, Walter C. Willett and Stacey A. Missmer
↵*Correspondence to Dr. Holly R. Harris, Ob/Gyn Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 221 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (e-mail: hharris3 at partners.org).
The etiology of endometriosis is poorly understood, and few modifiable risk factors have been identified. Dairy foods and some nutrients can modulate inflammatory and immune factors, which are altered in women with endometriosis. We investigated whether intake of dairy foods, nutrients concentrated in dairy foods, and predicted plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with incident laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis among 70,556 US women in Nurses’ Health Study II. Diet was assessed via food frequency questionnaire. A score for predicted 25(OH)D level was calculated for each participant. During 737,712 person-years of follow-up over a 14-year period (1991–2005), 1,385 cases of incident laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis were reported. Intakes of total and low-fat dairy foods were associated with a lower risk of endometriosis. Women consuming more than 3 servings of total dairy foods per day were 18% less likely to be diagnosed with endometriosis than those reporting 2 servings per day (rate ratio = 0.82, 95% confidence interval: 0.71, 0.95; Ptrend = 0.03). In addition, predicted plasma 25(OH)D level was inversely associated with endometriosis.
Women in the highest quintile of predicted vitamin D level had a 24% lower risk of endometriosis than women in the lowest quintile (rate ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.60, 0.97; Ptrend = 0.004). Our findings suggest that greater predicted plasma 25(OH)D levels and higher intake of dairy foods are associated with a decreased risk of endometriosis.
Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; FFQ, food frequency questionnaire; NHS II, Nurses’ Health Study II; 25(OH)D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D; OR, odds ratio; RR, rate ratio.
Predicted plasma level
Wonder what that means??
Search of Vitamin D Wiki for "predicted plasma" 20 hits Nov 2019
See also VitaminDWiki
- Vitamin D and fertility: a systematic review – May 2012 Extensive article, including endometriosis
- Endometriosis treated, and perhaps prevented, by vitamin D - many studies