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Chronic Kidney Disease patients need more vitamin D and phosphate – Jan 2014

Nutrition prescription to achieve positive outcomes in chronic kidney disease: a systematic review.

Nutrients. 2014 Jan 22;6(1):416-51. doi: 10.3390/nu6010416.
Ash S1, Campbell KL2, Bogard J3, Millichamp A4.

In Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), management of diet is important in prevention of disease progression and symptom management, however evidence on nutrition prescription is limited. Recent international CKD guidelines and literature was reviewed to address the following question "What is the appropriate nutrition prescription to achieve positive outcomes in adult patients with chronic kidney disease?" Databases included in the search were Medline and CINAHL using EBSCOhost search engine, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews published from 2000 to 2009. International guidelines pertaining to nutrition prescription in CKD were also reviewed from 2000 to 2013. Three hundred and eleven papers and eight guidelines were reviewed by three reviewers. Evidence was graded as per the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia criteria. The evidence from thirty six papers was tabulated under the following headings: protein, weight loss, enteral support, vitamin D, sodium, fat, fibre, oral nutrition supplements, nutrition counselling, including protein and phosphate, nutrients in peritoneal dialysis solution and intradialytic parenteral nutrition, and was compared to international guidelines. While more evidence based studies are warranted, the customary nutrition prescription remains satisfactory with the exception of Vitamin D and phosphate. In these two areas, additional research is urgently needed given the potential of adverse outcomes for the CKD patient.
PMID: 24451311

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See also VitaminDWiki

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3610 Vitamin D and phosphate.pdf PDF 2014 admin 09 Feb, 2014 04:04 295.03 Kb 1230