Nutrients 2010, 2(11), 1086-1105; doi:10.3390/nu2111086
Karen Plawecki plawecki at illinois.edu and Karen Chapman-Novakofski
Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Received: 19 September 2010; in revised form: 29 October 2010 / Accepted: 2 November 2010 / Published: 8 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Aging)
Abstract: Bone health is an important issue in aging. Calcium and vitamin D currently have the most focus in published research on nutrition and bone health in aging, although evidence from published research is not conclusive. A systematic review was conducted to determine the impact of dietary and supplemental interventions focused on calcium and vitamin D over the past 10 years. Using key words to search, and search limits (aging population, English), 62 papers were found related to diet, nutrition, and bone; and 157 were found related to calcium and bone. Our review found a positive effect on bone health for supplements; food-based interventions; and educational strategies. Although there may be a publishing bias related to non-significant findings not being published, our results suggest the effectiveness of food based and educational interventions with less economic impact to the individual, as well as less risk of physiological side effects occurring.
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