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Large single dose of more than 300,000 IU of vitamin D works well for 3 months – Review Nov 2013

Large, Single-Dose, Oral Vitamin D Supplementation in Adult Populations: A Systematic Review.

Endocr Pract. 2013 Nov 18:1-36.
Kearns MD, Alvarez JA, Tangpricha V.
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipids, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: Daily supplementation is often inadequate in treating vitamin D deficiency due to poor compliance. A single, large dose of vitamin D given at timed intervals may be an alternative strategy.Methods: We identified 2243 articles in PUBMED using the terms "high dose vitamin D," "single dose vitamin D," "bolus vitamin D," or "annual dose vitamin D." Review articles, cross-sectional studies, non-human studies, responses to other articles, and non-English articles were excluded.
Manuscripts were also excluded if the study:

  • (1) did not use oral cholecalciferol or ergocalciferol,
  • (2) used vitamin D analogs,
  • (3) enrolled participants under age 18,
  • (4) administered doses <100,000 IU (2.5 mg), or
  • (5) administered >1 dose per year.

References of eligible manuscripts and the Cochrane databases were also searched.
Two independent reviewers identified eligible manuscripts, and a third reviewer evaluated disagreements.
Thirty manuscripts were selected using these criteria.

Results: Large, single doses of vitamin D consistently increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations in several vitamin D sufficient and deficient populations. Vitamin D3 doses of 300,000 IU or greater provided optimal changes in serum 25(OH)D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations. Vitamin D supplementation also impacted bone health and extra-skeletal endpoints.

Conclusions: This review recommends vitamin D3 be used for supplementation over vitamin D2, and that single vitamin D3 doses of 300,000 IU and greater are most effective at improving vitamin D status and suppressing PTH concentrations for up to 3 months. Lower doses, however, may be sufficient in certain populations. Vitamin D doses >500,000 IU should be used judiciously in order to minimize adverse events.

PMID: 24246341

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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
6955 Single Loading dose.pdf PDF admin 07 Aug, 2016 23:20 346.46 Kb 1189
3337 Large single dose.pdf PDF - 2013 admin 29 Nov, 2013 23:42 349.24 Kb 1255