Oxidative stress and inflammation associated with low vitamin D in children – review Dec 2018

Vitamin D status, oxidative stress, and inflammation in children and adolescents: A systematic review

Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2018.1546671
M. S. Filgueiras, N. P. Rocha, J. F. Novaes & J. Bressan


Omega-3 also reduces inflammation

Items in both categories Infant-Child and Inflammation are listed here:

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Vitamin D deficiency is considered a global public health problem with high prevalence in children and adolescents. The majority of the studies in the literature have identified a relationship between vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency and obesity, as well as other traditional cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. Scarce studies address vitamin D status with oxidative stress and inflammation in the young population. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the association of vitamin D status with oxidative stress and inflammation in children and adolescents. This is a systematic review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) guideline on reporting systematic reviews. Eight studies were selected for this review. All included studies evaluated inflammatory biomarkers and two out of eight evaluated biomarkers of oxidative stress.
The majority of the studies (five out of eight) found association of vitamin D status with biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation such as

  • C-reactive protein (CRP),
  • interleukin-6 (IL-6),
  • cathepsin S,
  • vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1),
  • malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase,
  • 3-nitrotyrosine, and
  • superoxide dismutase (SOD).

Vitamin D status is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation in the majority of the studies with children and adolescents. Thus, the assessment of vitamin D status is important because it is associated with nontraditional cardiometabolic markers in the pediatric population (review registration: PROSPERO CRD42018109307).

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