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COVID children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome have less than 10 ng of vitamin D – March 2022

Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. 1 March 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppedcard.2022.101507
DianaTorpoco-RiveraaAmritMisraaYamunaSanilaNatalieSabzghabaeibRayaSafaacRichard U.Garciaac

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Background
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) is a clinical presentation reported in children related to Coronavirus-19 infection who present with a toxic shock like syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency has been postulated to play a role with severity of coronavirus infection in adult patients and other viral respiratory infections.

Objective
This study aims to investigate if severe vitamin D deficiency was associated with increased disease severity and cardiac involvement in MIS-C.

Methods
This is a retrospective and single center study. We included hospitalized patients less than 18 years of age with diagnosis of MIS-C between March and July 2020. Severe vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25-OH vitamin D level < 10 ng/ml within 48 h of admission. The composite outcome severe disease included patients requiring inotropes, mechanical ventilation, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Results
Of the 31 patients with MIS-C, 45% were male and 58% were African American. The median age was 8 (1–13) years. Ten patients had severe vitamin D deficiency with a mean level of 7.2 ng/ml. Ninety percent of patients with severe vitamin D deficiency had severe disease (P < 0.001). Patients with severe vitamin D deficiency had an increased risk of cardiac involvement (P < 0.001).

Conclusions
We describe a potential association between severe vitamin D deficiency and severe disease in children presenting with MIS-C. Severe vitamin D deficiency predisposes patients for cardiovascular involvement and, may play a critical role in the host immune response to COVID-19 infection. Future prospective studies at the basic science and clinical level should be pursued to better delineate this association.
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VitaminDWiki studies in Children + Inflammation + Virus

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday March 4, 2022 19:10:00 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 7)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
17155 MIS-C Jan 2022.pdf PDF 2022 admin 04 Mar, 2022 19:09 125.96 Kb 90
17144 Table 3b.jpg admin 01 Mar, 2022 16:29 83.11 Kb 134
17143 Table 3a.jpg admin 01 Mar, 2022 16:28 14.79 Kb 119
17142 MIS-C table.jpg admin 01 Mar, 2022 16:28 92.43 Kb 130
17141 Days in ICU.jpg admin 01 Mar, 2022 16:27 33.68 Kb 114
17140 Vitamin D and morbidity in children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome.pdf PDF 2022 admin 01 Mar, 2022 16:21 755.13 Kb 110
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