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Australia no longer testing every pregnant woman for vitamin D - Nov 2018

Updated clinical practice guidelines on pregnancy care

Caroline SE Homer, Jeremy Oats, Philippa Middleton, Jenny Ramson and Samantha Diplock
Med J Aust 2018; 209 (9): 409-412. doi: 10.5694/mja18.00286


It is truly amazing that Australia has decided that there is not enough evidence to show that Vitamin D supplementation helps during pregnancy

Pregnancy category starts with

878 items in Pregnancy category

 - see also

Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D has the following summary

0. Chance of not conceiving3.4 times Observe
1. Miscarriage 2.5 times Observe
2. Pre-eclampsia 3.6 timesRCT
3. Gestational Diabetes 3 times RCT
4. Good 2nd trimester sleep quality 3.5 times Observe
5. Premature birth 2 times RCT
6. C-section - unplanned 1.6 timesObserve
     Stillbirth - OMEGA-3 4 timesRCT - Omega-3
7. Depression AFTER pregnancy 1.4 times RCT
8. Small for Gestational Age 1.6 times meta-analysis
9. Infant height, weight, head size
     within normal limits
10. Childhood Wheezing 1.3 times RCT
11. Additional child is Autistic 4 times Intervention
12.Young adult Multiple Sclerosis 1.9 timesObserve
13. Preeclampsia in young adult 3.5 timesRCT
14. Good motor skills @ age 31.4 times Observe
15. Childhood Mite allergy 5 times RCT
16. Childhood Respiratory Tract visits 2.5 times RCT

RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial

Meta-analyses of Pregnancy and Vitamin D

Studies of Intervention with Vitamin D during Pregnancy

Examples of Vitamin D testingaround the world

  • recommend routine testing for hepatitis C at the first antenatal visit;
  • recommend against routine testing for vitamin D status in the absence of a specific indication;
  • recommend discussing weight change, diet and physical activity with all pregnant women; and
  • recommend offering pregnant women the opportunity to be weighed at every antenatal visit and encouraging women to self-monitor weight gain.

  • " Routine testing of all pregnant women for vitamin D status and subsequent vitamin D supplementation is not supported by evidence and should cease as the benefits and harms of vitamin D supplementation remain unclear."

Vitamin D testing
Do not routinely recommend testing for vitamin D status to pregnant women in the absence of a specific indication (evidence-based recommendation).
If testing is performed, only recommend vitamin D supplementation for women with levels lower than 50 nmol/L (practice point).
Over the past decade there has been significant interest in vitamin D deficiency in the community and pregnancy is no exception. The 2011–12 Australian Health Survey showed 23% of Australian adults had low vitamin D levels, particularly for people living in the south-eastern states of Australia and in major cities and more often in winter.

However, there is limited evidence supporting testing of all women for vitamin D status in pregnancy and lack of clarity regarding the benefits and harms of supplementation in pregnancy. Despite this lack of clear evidence of benefit, there is anecdotal evidence that routine testing of pregnant women for vitamin D status and recommendation of vitamin D supplementation when levels are found to be low is common. It was the experience of members in the EWG that this practice has cost implications, as testing for vitamin D status is expensive and supplementation involves a further cost for women. The revised recommendation in the guidelines provides an opportunity to be more directive and specifically advises clinicians not to routinely recommend testing for vitamin D status to pregnant women in the absence of a specific indication.

 Download the PDF with Vitamin D reasoning from VitaminDWiki

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday November 6, 2018 18:13:10 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 11)