Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Nov-Dec;30(6):1191-6. doi: 10.12669/pjms.306.5778.
Abdulmonem A1, Hanan A2, Elaf A3, Haneen T4, Jenan A5.
95 % return of distributed questionnaires to female teachers
(pain might be a problem)
|Pain – severe||Deficiency||OK level|
No definition in the study of deficiency, < 20 ng/ml?
Neither of the words BLOOD or SERUM are in the PDF (no blood tests?)
Neither of the words CLOTH or CLOTHING are in the PDF
The study says 40% of teachers wake up at night due to musculoskeletal pain.
The study does not mention pain for male teachers – who are NOT heavily clothed
The study concludes by recommending
“An appropriate exercise program” for the female teachers
To quantify the prevalence and identify the associated factors of musculoskeletal pain among Saudi female school teachers.
An observational quantitative cross-sectional survey of female Saudi school teachers in five different areas of Saudi Arabia was carried out between August and October 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was used in which the items related to participants' demographic information and pain information were included. A numeric pain rating scale was used for patient self-reporting of pain. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS Pc+ version 21.0 statistical software.
Four hundred and eighty six female school teachers responded to the survey. Severe Low back pain was reported by 38.1% of teacher, followed by knee pain (26.3%), heel (24.1%), shoulder (20.6%), upper back (17.7%), hip joint (16.5%),ankle (12.3%), neck (11.3%). Sever pain of elbow (5.6%) and wrist (7.4%) was the least reported. Pain affected work at school in 46.1% of school teachers. A combination of variables: body mass index, Vitamin D deficiency, teaching level, presence of chronic illness, were found to be significantly associated with musculoskeletal pain.
The results of self-reported prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among female Saudi school teachers is useful to educate the school teachers for adequate care so as to prevent these pains. There is a need for the higher authorities to address this issue and implement intervention programs to alleviate the pain and suffering of these school teachers.
Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
- Overview Middle East and vitamin D
- If heavily clothed, very little vitamin D – Dec 2012
- Only takes 10 minutes of sun to make a month’s worth of vitamin D while wearing the Hijab (NOT) Oct 2014
Saudis have a LOT to learn about Vitamin D - especially with their heavily covered women
- Hypothesis: Why so many females in the Middle East are now Vitamin D Deficient
NOTE: Saudi has the the most conservative dress code for women