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Overview Tuberculosis and Vitamin D


There are many indications that vitamin D both PREVENTS and TREATS TB

  • As with many other diseases, VitaminDWiki expects that there will be a at least a 4X range of vitamin D due to:
    • 4X range in the response in the vitamin D blood level for the same IU dose - for healthy, non-obese, people
  • Also expect that co-factors and Vitamin D Receptor activators will prove to be very important
  • UV appears to be as powerful or perhaps more powerful than vitamin D in TREATING TB
TB and vitamin D 103 items


See also VitaminDWiki

Chart by Wagner and Hollis,  downloaded from Grassroots April 2010 – video expected June
Items in both categories TB and Intervention are listed here:


Pages listed in BOTH of the categoriesTB and Genetics


See also web


A. Martineau: TB and Vitamin D

  • Search VitaminDWiki for Martineau 491 items as of June 2019
  • The role of vitamin D in tuberculosis pathogenesis and treatment April 2014
    A. Martineau, presented at 16th International Congress on Infectious Diseases - abstract-only online
    32% of people are infected with TB
    Vitamin D was used to treat TB in the pre-antibiotic era, and its active metabolite,
    1,25-dihydoxyvitamin D, has long been known to enhance the immune response to mycobacteria in vitro.
    Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with active TB,
  • A. Martineau organized the Vitamin D conference in England - April 23-25 2014
  • Vitamin D and tuberculosis: more effective in prevention than treatment?
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Aug;19(8):876-7. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0506.
    Davies PD1, Martineau AR2. text not available for 6 months (Jan 2016)

TB arrested by cod-liver oil (containing vitamin D) in 1848 was 3X better than other treatments at the time

CLICK HERE if registered (free) for updated analysis of the 1848 study


Vitamin D Receptor ApaI Gene Polymorphism and Tuberculosis Susceptibility: A Meta-Analysis (Feb 2014)

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2014 Feb 26.
Areeshi MY1, Mandal RK, Panda AK, Haque S.

Aim: Vitamin D performs its actions through the vitamin D receptor (VDR), which acts as a transcriptional factor. Many case-control studies have been performed in the past to elucidate the association of the ApaI polymorphism of VDR gene and the risk of tuberculosis (TB). However, these studies have shown inconsistent and conflicting results. In the present study, a meta-analysis was performed to investigate the potential relationship between the VDR ApaI gene polymorphism and the risk of TB.

Methodology: A quantitative synthesis was performed for the published studies based on the association between the VDR ApaI gene polymorphism and the risk of TB retrieved from PubMed (Medline) and EMBASE web databases. A meta-analysis was performed, and pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated for all the genetic models.

Results: We observed a decreased risk of TB in allelic contrast (a vs. A: p=0.009; OR=0.869, 95% CI=0.782 to 0.965), homozygous (aa vs. AA: p=0.006; OR=0.724, 95% CI=0.575 to 0.910), and heterozygous (aA vs. AA: p=0.698; OR=0.948, 95% CI=0.722 to 1.243) comparisons. Similarly, dominant (aa+Aa vs. AA: p=0.032; OR=0.842, 95% CI=0.720 to 0.985) and recessive (aa vs. AA+Aa: p=0.027; OR=0.796, 95% CI=0.650 to 0.975) models also demonstrated a decreased risk of TB, whereas a heterozygous genotype (Aa vs. AA: p=0.109; OR=0.873, 95% CI=0.740 to 1.030) did not indicate any association with the risk of TB. There was no evidence of publication bias and heterogeneity test.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that ApaI polymorphism of the VDR gene is significantly associated with a decreased risk of TB. However, future larger studies with groups of populations are warranted to analyze this association.
PMID: 24571812


Tuberculosis & Interleukin-32 – patent applied for – Aug 2014

Tuberculosis is controlled by Interleukin-32 when it has enough Vitamin D – patent applied for – Aug 2014


Vitamin D, cod liver oil, sunshine, and phototherapy: Safe, effective and forgotten tools for treating and curing TB -March 2018

Vitamin D, cod liver oil, sunshine, and phototherapy: Safe, effective and forgotten tools for treating and curing tuberculosis infections - A comprehensive review.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2018 Mar;177:21-29. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.07.027. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
PDF is available free at Sci-Hub  10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.07.027

McCullough PJ1, Lehrer DS2.
1 Summit Behavioral Healthcare, Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Cincinnati, OH, 45237, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, 45435, USA. Electronic address: patrick.mccullough at mha.ohio.gov.
2 Summit Behavioral Healthcare, Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Cincinnati, OH, 45237, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, 45435, USA.

Tuberculosis remains an epidemic throughout the world, with over 2 billion people, or more than one third of the world's population, infected with TB. In 2015, there were an estimated 10.4 million new cases of tuberculosis, and 1.8 million deaths, making TB one of the top ten causes of death worldwide. Approximately 95% of new TB cases occur in developing countries, where the costs of treatment force many patients and their families into poverty. The United Nations and the World Health Organization are working to end this global epidemic.
Historically,

  • cod liver oil in the 1840's,
  • phototherapy in the 1890's,
  • sunshine in the 1890's and 1930's,
  • oral vitamin D in doses of 100,000-150,000 international units a day the 1940's, and
  • injectable vitamin D in the 1940's

were all shown to be able to safely treat tuberculosis.
However, for reasons that are unclear, these treatments are no longer being used to treat tuberculosis. We will review several reports that documented the clinical efficacy of these seemingly disparate treatments in treating tuberculosis. Taken together, however, these reports show the consistent efficacy of vitamin D in treating tuberculosis infections, regardless of whether the vitamin D was produced in the skin from the effects of phototherapy or sunshine, taken orally as a pill or in cod-liver oil, or put into solution and injected directly into the body. We will discuss how vitamin D, through its action as a steroid hormone that regulates gene transcription in cells and tissues throughout the body, enables the body to eradicate TB by stimulating the formation of a natural antibiotic in white blood cells, the mechanism of which was discovered in 2006. We will speculate as to why vitamin D, cod liver oil, sunshine, and phototherapy are no longer being used to treat tuberculosis, in spite of their proven efficacy in safely treating this disease dating back to the early 1800's. In fact, in 1903 the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology was awarded to a physician who was able to cure hundreds of cases of long-standing lupus vulgaris (cutaneous TB) with refracted light rays from an electric arc lamp. Vitamin D, cod liver oil, sunshine, and phototherapy have never been shown to lose their ability to safely eradicate tuberculosis infections, and deserve consideration to be re-examined as first-line treatments for tuberculosis. These treatments have the potential to help cost-effectively and safely end the global TB epidemic.


TB Factoids from The Body, by Bill Bryson, 2019

  • Leprosy, plague, tuberculosis, typhus, diphtheria, measles, influenzas—all vaulted from goats and pigs and cows and the like straight into us.
  • Ttuberculosis is today the deadliest infectious disease on the planet. Between 1.5 and 2 million people die of it every year.
  • About one in every three people on the planet carries the TB bacterium, but only a small proportion of those contract the disease.
  • Drug-resistant strains of TB now account for 10 percent of new cases.

Overview Tuberculosis and Vitamin D        

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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
11447 TB HIV Gapminder.jpg admin 22 Feb, 2019 17:13 49.08 Kb 365
3731 TB Vitamin D Council.jpg admin 25 Mar, 2014 12:08 99.72 Kb 4393
3608 Bsml decreases TB.pdf PDF 2013 admin 08 Feb, 2014 14:31 620.12 Kb 1693
3575 TB Dec 2013.pdf PDF - 2013 admin 24 Jan, 2014 02:18 469.10 Kb 1999
2368 TB 28 year.pdf PDF admin 14 Apr, 2013 15:38 380.17 Kb 1861
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