Vitamin D administration leads to a shift of the intestinal bacterial composition in Crohn's disease patients, but not in healthy controls
Journal of Digestive Diseases Volume 19, Issue 4, published: 23 March 2018
Holger Schäffler Daniel PR Herlemann Paul Klinitzke Peggy Berlin Bernd Kreikemeyer Robert Jaster Georg Lamprecht
- From PDF Cholecalciferol 20.000 IU daily from day 1 until day 3, then every second day for 4 weeks. In this study, we aimed for a target vitamin D level between 100 and 150 nmol/l. Serum 25-OH vitamin D levels were measured weekly (before administration = week 0). In both groups, 380.000 IU 25-OH vitamin D were administered per patient over the course of the study
- Crohn's Disease relapse rate of 3 in 8 with 1,000 IU vs 0 in 12 with 10,000 IU of Vitamin D – RCT Feb 2017
Overview Gut and vitamin D has the following summary
- Gut problems result in reduced absorption of Vitamin D, Magnesium, etc.
- Celiac disease has a strong genetic component.
- Most, but not all, people with celiac disease have a gene variant.
- An adequate level vitamin D seems to decrease the probability of getting celiac disease.
- Celiac disease causes poor absorption of nutrients such as vitamin D.
- Bringing the blood level of vitamin D back to normal in patients with celiac disease decreases symptoms.
- The prevalence of celiac disease, not just its diagnosis, has increased 4X in the past 30 years, similar to the increase in Vitamin D deficiency.
- Review in Nov 2013 found that Vitamin D helped
- Many intervention clinical trials for vitamin D to prevent or treat Gut problems (93 trials listed as of Jan 2017)
- All items in category gut and vitamin D
Gut category listing contains the following
131 items in GUT category - see also Overview Gut and vitamin D,
- "Ulcerative Colitis" OR UC 689 items March 2019
- "celiac disease" OR CD 1280 items Feb 2018
- "inflammatory bowel disease" OR "inflammatory bowel symptom" 1010 items as of March 2019
- Crohn's 1230 items as of Feb 2019
- Gut-Friendly forms of vitamin D
such as: bio-emulsion, topical, spray, sublingual, inhaled, injection . .
Overview Gut and vitamin D contains gut-friendly informationGut-friendly, Sublingual, injection, topical, UV, sunshine
Getting Vitamin D into your body has the following chart
Getting Vitamin D into your body also has the following
Bio-D-Mulsion Forte – especially made for those with poorly functioning guts, or perhaps lacking gallbladder
Sublingual – goes directly into bloodstream
Oil: 1 drop typically contains 400 IU, 1,000 IU, or 4,000 IU, typically not taste good
Topical – goes directly into bloodstream. Put oil on your skin, Use Aloe vera cream with Vitamin D, or make your own
Vaginal – goes directly into bloodstream. Prescription only?
Bio-Tech might be useful – it is also water soluble
Vitamin D sprayed inside cheeks 2X more response (poor gut) – RCT Oct 2015
and, those people with malabsorption problems had a larger response to spray
Inject Vitamin D quarterly into muscle, into vein, or perhaps into body cavity if quickly needed
Nanoparticles could be used to increase vitamin D getting to the gut – Oct 2015
Liposomal form on Amazon - Dec 2015
$20 for 60 servings of 2500 IU - unsure why a very low-cost gut-friendly form should not be used instead
Poor guts need different forms of vitamin D has the following
Guesses of Vitamin D response if poor gut
Bio Form Speed Duration 10 Injection: Vitamin D,
or Calcidiol or Calcitriol
Fast Long 10 Sun/UV Slow Long 10 Topical
(skin patch/cream, vagina)
Slow Normal 9? Inhaled (future) Fast Normal 8 Bio-D-Mulsion Forte Normal Normal 6 Water soluble (Bio-Tech) Normal Normal 5 Nanoemulsion
perhaps activates VDR
Normal Normal 4 Sublingual/spray
(some goes into gut)
Fast Normal 3 Coconut oil based Slow Normal 2 Food (salmon etc.) Slow Normal 2 Olive oil based (majority) Slow Normal
10= best bioavailable, 0 = worst, guesses have a range of +-2
Speed: Fast ~2-6 hours, Slow ~10-30 hours
Duration: Long ~3-6 months, Normal = ~2 months
Dysbiosis is a common feature in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Environmental factors, such as vitamin D deficiency, seem to play a role in the intestinal inflammation of IBD. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D administration has an impact on the bacterial composition in Crohn's disease (CD) compared to healthy controls (HC).
A prospective, longitudinal, controlled interventional analysis was conducted in seven patients with CD in clinical remission and 10 HC to investigate the effect of orally administrated vitamin D on the intestinal bacterial composition using 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplicon sequencing. Clinical parameters were assessed.
In contrast to HC, microbial communities of CD patients changed significantly during early vitamin D administration. However, a further increase in vitamin D level was associated with a reversal of this effect and additionally with a decrease in the bacterial richness in the CD microbiome. Specific species with a high abundancy were found during vitamin D administration in CD, but not in HC; the abundancy of Alistipes, Barnesiella, unclassified Porphyromonadaceae (both Actinobacteria), Roseburia, Anaerotruncus, Subdoligranulum and an unclassified Ruminococaceae (all Firmicutes) increased significantly after 1‐week vitamin D administration in CD.
Vitamin D has a specific influence on the bacterial communities in CD, but not in HC. Administration of vitamin D may have a positive effect in CD by modulating the intestinal bacterial composition and also by increasing the abundance of potential beneficial bacterial strains.