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Preeclampsia inversely proportional to serum Magnesium – Oct 2014

An evaluation of serum magnesium status in pre-eclampsia compared to the normal pregnancy.

Mymensingh Med J. 2014 Oct;23(4):649-53.
Jafrin W1, Mia AR, Chakraborty PK, Hoque MR, Paul UK, Shaha KR, Akhter S, Roy AS.
1Dr Wahida Jafrin, Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

VitaminDWiki Summary

Normal 1.9 mg/dL
Mild pre-eclamptic 1.8 mg/dL
Severe pre-eclamptic 1.75 mg/dL

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Pages listed in BOTH the categories Pregnancy and Magnesium

Pages listed in BOTH the categories Pregnancy and Hypertension (preeclampsia)

Pre-eclampsia is a disease which causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, especially in the developing countries. Despite numerous studies, the etiology of pre-eclampsia has not yet been fully elucidated. Although several evidences indicate that various elements such as serum Magnesium, Calcium etc. might play an important role in pre-eclampsia. The present study prospectively determines and evaluate whether maternal serum levels of magnesium has any association with pre-eclampsia or not. It was a cross sectional study carried out in the Department of Biochemistry, Mymensingh Medical College from July 2009 to June 2010. A total of 108 subjects were selected with the duration of pregnancy from 28th week of gestation to term of which 42 were normal pregnant women (as control) and 66 were pre-eclamptic (34 with mild and 32 with severe preeclampsia) admitted in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology department of Mymensingh medical college hospital. Serum Magnesium level was determined in the laboratory by colorimetric method using recommended commercial kit. Student's unpaired t-test was used to see the statistical significance of the difference between the mean values of the estimated parameters. The mean serum levels of Magnesium in normal pregnant group was 1.91±0.08mg/dl, mild pre-eclamptic group was 1.8±0.11mg/dl,and in severe pre-eclamptic group was 1.75±0.10mg/dl. The mean serum Magnesium of women with mild pre-eclampsia as well as severe pre-eclampsia was significantly (p<0.001) decreased in comparison to that of the control. A significant (p<0.05) decrease in serum magnesium was also found in subject with severe pre-eclamptic compared to that of the mild pre-eclamptic. So, these results indicate that reduction in serum levels of magnesium during pregnancy might be a possible contributor in the etiology of pre-eclampsia and supplementation of this element as diet or drugs may be of value to prevent pre-eclampsia.

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