Inadequacy of Vitamin D Nutritional Status in Individuals with Metabolically Unhealthy Obesity Phenotype: The Relevance of Insulin Resistance
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes, . 2020 Nov 3;13:4131-4139. doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S256132. eCollection 2020.
A Cordeiro 1 2, B Campos 3, S E Pereira 1, C J Saboya 3, A Ramalho 1
Overview Obesity and Vitamin D contains the following summary
- FACT: People who are obese have less vitamin D in their blood
- FACT: Obese need a higher dose of vitamin D to get to the same level of vit D
- FACT: When obese people lose weight the vitamin D level in their blood increases
- FACT: Adding Calcium, perhaps in the form of fortified milk, often reduces weight
- FACT: 153 trials for vitamin D intervention of obesity as of Sept 2020
- FACT: Less weight gain by senior women with > 30 ng of vitamin D
- FACT: Dieters lost additional 5 lbs if vitamin D supplementation got them above 32 ng - RCT
- FACT: Obese lost 3X more weight by adding $10 of Vitamin D
- FACT: Those with darker skins were more likely to be obese Sept 2014
- OBSERVATION: Many mammals had evolved to add fat and vitamin D in the autumn
- and lose both in the Spring - unfortunately humans have forgotten to lose the fat in the Spring
- SUGGESTION: Probably need more than 4,000 IU to lose weight if very low on vitamin D due to
risk factors such as overweight, age, dark skin, live far from equator,shut-in, etc.
- Obesity category has
- Normal weight Obese (50 ng = 125 nanomole)
Obesity is associated with low Vitamin D (and treated by D as well) – Aug 2019 has the following
Fast weight loss by Obese: Summary of the data as of Sept 2019
1) 50,000 IU Vitamin D weekly for at least 6 months
If gut problems, should use a gut-friendly form of vitamin D
2) Add calorie restriction diet and light exercise after ~2 months*
* Vitamin D levels must be above 30ng/ml to help with weight loss
* Start losing weight 2 months sooner if take a 50,000 IU daily for a week
3) More weight loss if also add Magnesium or cofactors
30% Improved Vitamin D response with Magnesium - a Vitamin D Cofactor
Note: Magnesium reduces weight loss by itself as well
20% improved vitamin D response if also add Omega-3 a Vitamin D Cofactor
Note: Omega-3 reduces weight loss by itself as well
4) More weight loss if also improve activation of Vitamin D Receptor
Vitamin D Receptor activator: 0-30% improved Vitamin D response
Obesity 1.5 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis Nov 2019
Update Dec 2019 - Dr. Greger plant-based eating (not diet) for both weight loss and health.
His book does not mention Vitamin D nor Adenovirus
Purpose: The aim was to evaluate 25(OH)D serum concentrations in metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUHO) and its relation with biochemical and clinical parameters in both groups according to homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) definition of the obesity phenotypes.
Patients and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with individuals of both genders. Anthropometric data [waist circumference, body mass index (BMI)] and metabolic parameters: blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, lipid profile, calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and (25(OH)D) were obtained. The cutoff points for vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were ≤20 and 21-29 ng/mL, respectively. Individuals were classified as MUHO according to HOMA-IR≥2.5.
Results: This study comprised 232 individuals with obesity (BMI≥35 kg/m2; 42.6±4.7 kg/m2). The MUHO phenotype was observed in 76.7% of the population. The mean values of glucose (P<0.001), insulin (P<0.001), HOMA-IR (P<0.001), and triglycerides (P=0.049) were significantly higher in the MUHO than in the MHO phenotype group. The mean value of 25(OH)D showed a significant difference between the MHO and MUHO phenotype groups (P=0.011). Additionally, and in line, lower mean 25(OH)D values were found in the MUHO vs the MHO phenotype group in the deficiency (14.5±3.6 ng/mL/17.1±2.7 ng/mL, P=0.004) and insufficiency (24.5±2.9 ng/mL/25.7±2.6 ng/mL, P=0.077) 25(OH)D groups. An increase of 1 ng/mL of vitamin D increased in 1.051 (95% CI= 1.011-1.093, P=0.012) the odds of the healthy phenotype.
Conclusion: The highest prevalence of inadequacy of serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and greater severity of this deficiency in individuals with MUHO phenotype were observed. Low serum concentrations of this vitamin were associated, mainly, with insulin resistance. Monitoring the nutritional status of vitamin D in individuals with obesity that present with MUHO phenotype may contribute to minimize the occurrence and aggravation of diseases associated with obesity.Unhealthy obesity 5 percent more likely with each ng less Vitamin D – Nov 2020
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