Crit Care Med. 2014 Jan;42(1):97-107. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31829eb7af.
Moromizato T, Litonjua AA, Braun AB, Gibbons FK, Giovannucci E, Christopher KB.
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that deficiency in 25-hydroxyvitamin D prior to hospital admission would be associated with sepsis in the critically ill.
DESIGN: Two-center observational study of patients treated in medical and surgical ICUs.
SETTING: Two hundred nine medical and surgical intensive care beds in two teaching hospitals in Boston, MA.
PATIENTS: Three thousand three hundred eighty-six patients, 18 years old or older, in whom 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured prior to hospitalization between 1998 and 2011.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: : Preadmission 25-hydroxyvitamin D was categorized as deficiency in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (≤ 15 ng/mL), insufficiency (15-30 ng/mL), and sufficiency (≥ 30 ng/mL). The primary outcome was sepsis as defined by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification and validated by the 2001 Society of Critical Care Medicine/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society, and Surgical Infection Society international sepsis definitions conference guidelines. Logistic regression examined the presence of sepsis 3 days prior to critical care initiation to 7 days after critical care initiation. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by multivariable logistic regression models. Preadmission 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency is predictive for the risk of sepsis. In the full cohort, 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency is a significant predictor for the risk of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification-defined sepsis following multivariable adjustment, including age, gender, race, type (surgical vs medical), and Deyo-Charlson index (adjusted odds ratio, 1.51 [95% CI, 1.17-1.94]; p = 0.001) relative to patients with 25-hydroxyvitamin D sufficiency. In a subset of cohort patients enriched for those with International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification-diagnosed sepsis (n = 444), preadmission 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency is a significant predictor for the risk of conference guideline-defined sepsis following multivariable adjustment, including age, gender, race, type (surgical vs medical), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (adjusted odds ratio, 2.05 [95% CI, 1.19-3.52]; p = 0.009) relative to patients with 25-hydroxyvitamin D sufficiency.
Furthermore, in cohort patients with International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification-defined sepsis (n = 568), the multivariable adjusted risk of 90-day mortality was 1.6-fold higher in those with preadmission 25-hydroxyvitamin D values in the insufficient and deficient range, compared with those with preadmission vitamin D sufficiency (adjusted odds ratio, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.11-2.39]; p = 0.01).
CONCLUSION: 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency prior to hospital admission is a significant predictor of sepsis in the critically ill. Additionally, patients with sepsis who are not vitamin D sufficient have an increased risk of mortality following critical care initiation.
- Vitamin D reduces sepsis
- Sepsis associated with low vitamin D - April 2012
- Hospital or ICU death about twice as likely if low vitamin D – March 2014
- Google Search for SEPSIS at VitaminDWiki 128 items as of Feb 2014
- Sepsis a explicit or implicit factor in one out of 2 or 3 hospital deaths Medscape June 2014
no mention of vitamin D. All patients appeared to have sepsis at hospital admission. studied 7,000,000 hospital admissions.
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- Is vitamin D supplementation a new hope for the therapy of the septic shock? 2013