Vitamin D Correlation with Testosterone Concentration in US Army Special Operations Personnel
Laurel Wentz1, Cristóbal Berry-Cabán2, Jerad Eldred2 and Qiang Wu1
1Nutrition Science East Carolina University Greenville North Carolina United States
2Department of Clinical Investigation Womack Army Medical Center Fort Bragg North Carolina United States
Vitamin D has been positively correlated with testosterone in older men, but these hormonal relationships have not been examined in younger, active military personnel. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify significant correlations between vitamin D and testosterone concentrations in male Special Operations Soldiers. This retrospective analysis examined unique cases of serum vitamin D assessments ordered at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC, from January 2012 – September 2013. Inclusion criteria were male Special Operations soldiers who had a total testosterone assessment within 21 days of vitamin D assessment, yielding 312 service member records. Mean serum vitamin D concentrations were 29.9±9.6 ng/ml (range 10-63), with 52% of subjects in the deficient range of <30 ng/ml according to the Army Medical Department guidelines. In vitamin D deficient subjects, serum vitamin D concentrations were a significant positive predictor of total testosterone when controlling for age and body mass index.
Testosterone in Vitamin D Deficient Men (n=135)
|Body Mass Index||-1.569||0.678|
These data indicate that deficient vitamin D concentrations may inhibit testosterone production and potentially limit human performance. Operational stress of military training has been shown to suppress testosterone concentrations in healthy men, causing muscle catabolism and fatigue, symptoms also characteristic of vitamin D deficiency. Given that more than half of male soldiers had insufficient vitamin D status in a southern latitude, measuring vitamin D concentrations in collaboration with testosterone assessments may be warranted.
No funding was used to support this work.
See also VitaminDWiki
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