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Give Vitamin D before all spinal surgeries – no testing needed – June 2020

A Review of Vitamin D in Spinal Surgery: Deficiency Screening, Treatment, and Outcomes

Int J Spine Surg. 2020 Jun 30;14(3):447-454. doi: 10.14444/7059
Benjamin C Mayo 1, Dustin H Massel 1, Alem Yacob 1, Ankur S Narain 1, Fady Y Hijji 1, Nathaniel W Jenkins 1, James M Parrish 1, Krishna D Modi 1, William W Long 1, Nadia M Hrynewycz 1, Thomas S Brundage 1, Kern Singh 1

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It appears that over 1 million Vitamin D loading doses have been taken
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In this review, we discuss the demonstrated value of vitamin D in bone maintenance, fracture resistance, spinal health, and spine surgery outcomes. Despite this, the effect of vitamin D levels in spine surgery has not been well described. Through this review of literature, several conclusions were drawn.

  • First, despite the fact that a high number of spine surgery patients are vitamin D deficient, screening is not commonly performed.
  • Second, adequate vitamin D levels will not be achieved in a majority of these patients without supplementation.
  • Last, inadequate vitamin D levels may increase the risk of pseudarthrosis.

Given these findings, we suggest that many patients undergoing spinal surgery could be treated with vitamin D supplementation prior to surgery without the need for confirmatory testing for vitamin D deficiency. This is a more cost-effective method than screening all patients. However, future randomized trials and cost-effectiveness analyses are needed to determine the ultimate effects of vitamin D supplementation on clinical morbidity and surgical outcomes.


Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday July 23, 2020 21:29:14 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)

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14069 Spinal Surgery.pdf PDF 2020 admin 23 Jul, 2020 21:05 107.30 Kb 5
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