Volume 70, Issue 4, pages 339–354, April 2015, DOI: 10.1111/all.12583
R. Cassim1, M. A. Russell1, C. J. Lodge1,2, A. J. Lowe1,2, J. J. Koplin1,2 andS. C. Dharmage1,2,*
Asthma is a major public health issue. The co-occurrence of the high prevalence of asthma and vitamin D deficiency documented globally in recent decades has prompted several investigations into a possible association between the two conditions. The objective of this paper was to synthesize the evidence from studies that have measured the association between serum vitamin D and asthma incidence, prevalence, severity and exacerbations. A systematic search of the literature was performed in PubMed, and the available evidence was summarized both qualitatively and by meta-analysis. Only English language, observational studies measuring serum levels of 25(OH)D as the exposure were included, as this is the most robust measure of vitamin D levels. The search identified 23 manuscripts: two case–control, 12 cohort and nine cross-sectional studies. Collectively, the evidence suggests that higher serum levels of 25(OH)D are associated with
- a reduced risk of asthma exacerbations, but there was
- little evidence to suggest an association with asthma incidence, prevalence or severity.
A significant amount of heterogeneity between study methodology and results restricted the scope for meta-analysis. These results suggest that vitamin D supplementation may be effective for the prevention of asthma exacerbations, but the findings need to be confirmed by clinical trials.
Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
PDF contains tables which overview each of the 23 studies
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