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ADHD associated with significantly less Vitamin B12 – Sept 2018

Homocysteine, Pyridoxine, Folate and Vitamin B12 Levels in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Psychiatr Danub. 2018 Sep;30(3):310-316. doi: 10.24869/psyd.2018.310.
Altun H1, Şahin N, Belge Kurutaş E, Güngör O.
Dept. of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam U., Kahramanmaras, Turkey, drhaticealtun at gmail.com.

VitaminDWiki
ADHD (n=30) Controls (n=30) p
Vitamin B12 (pg/mL) 260 389 <0.001

The following is looking for possible associations
Items in both categories B12 and Omega-3 are listed here:

Items in both categories ADHD and Omega-3 are listed here:

Items in both categories ADHD and Magnesium are listed here:

PDF is available free at Sci-Hub   10.24869/psyd.2018.310

BACKGROUND:
In our study, we aimed to evaluate the serum homocysteine levels, pyridoxine, folate and vitamin B12 levels in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD).

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
This study included 30 newly diagnosed drug-naive children with ADHD (23 males and 7 female, mean age 9.3±1.8 years) and 30 sex-and age matched healthy controls. The diagnosis of ADHD was made according to DSM-V criteria. Children and adolescents were administered the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children, Present and Lifetime Version, the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised, Long Form, the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Revised (WISC-R) for all participants. Homocysteine, pyridoxine, folate and vitamin B12 levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS:
Homocysteine, pyridoxine, folate and vitamin B12 levels were significantly lower in children with ADHD compared with their controls (p<0.05). A positive significant correlation was observed between the all WISC-R scores and vitamin B12 level in patients (r=0.408, p=0.025).

CONCLUSIONS:
The results obtained in this study showed that reduced homocysteine, pyridoxine, folate and vitamin B12 levels could be a risk factor in the etiology of ADHD.


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