Prevention of Fractures after Solid Organ Transplantation: A Meta-Analysis.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Aug 17.
Stein EM, Ortiz D, Jin Z, McMahon DJ, Shane E.
Division of Endocrinology (E.M.S., D.O., D.J.M.,E.S.), Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032; and Department of Biostatistics (Z.J.), Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.
Context: Bone loss and fracture are serious sequelae of organ transplantation, particularly in the first posttransplant year.
Most interventional studies have been inadequately powered to detect effects on fracture.
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether treatment with bisphosphonates (BP) or active vitamin D analogs (vitD) during the first year after transplantation reduces fracture risk and estimate the effect of these interventions on bone loss. Data Sources: Sources included PUBMED, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and abstracts from scientific meetings (presented 2003-2010).
Study Selection: Randomized controlled clinical trials of BP or vitD in solid organ transplant recipients were included if treatment was initiated at the time of transplantation and fracture data were collected. Data Extraction: Two investigators independently extracted data and rated study quality. Fixed effect and random-effects models were used to obtain pooled estimates.
Data Synthesis: Eleven studies of 780 transplant recipients (134 fractures) were included. Treatment with BP or vitD reduced the number of subjects with fracture [odds ratio (OR) 0.50 (0.29, 0.83)] and number of vertebral fractures, [OR 0.24 (0.07, 0.78)]. An increase in bone mineral density at the lumbar spine [2.98% (1.31, 4.64)] and femoral neck [3.05% (2.16, 3.93)] was found with treatment.
When BP trials (nine studies, 625 subjects) were examined separately, there was a reduction in number of subjects with fractures [OR 0.53 (0.30, 0.91)] but no significant reduction in vertebral fractures [OR 0.34 (0.09, 1.24)].
Conclusions: Treatment with BP or vitD during the first year after solid organ transplant was associated with a reduction in the number of subjects with fractures and fewer vertebral fractures.
We wonder if they considered benefits of vitamin D trials alone, without BP