Preemies still have low vitamin D at age 6 – Oct 2019

Evaluation of vitamin D3 levels and morphotic parameters of blood in prematurely born children at six years of age.

Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 21;9(1):15089. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-51613-y.

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Infant-Child category has 747 items and starts with

Having a good level of vitamin D cuts in half the amount of:

Need even more IUs of vitamin D to get a good level if;

  • Have little vitamin D: premie, twin, mother did not get much sun access
  • Get little vitamin D: dark skin, little access to sun
  • Vitamin D is consumed faster than normal due to sickness
  • Older (need at least 100 IU/kilogram, far more if obese)
  • Not get any vitamin D from formula (breast fed) or (fortified) milk
    Note – formula does not even provide 400 IU of vitamin D daily

Infants-Children need Vitamin D

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Walicka-Cupryś K1,2, Zajkiewicz K3,4, Drzał-Grabiec J3,4, Perenc L3,4.

  • 1 Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow, Rejtana 16c, Rzeszów, 35-959, Poland. kwcuprys@univ.rzeszow.pl.
  • 2 Centre for Innovative Research in Medical and Natural Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Warzywna 1a, Rzeszów, 35-310, Poland. kwcuprys@univ.rzeszow.pl.
  • 3 Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow, Rejtana 16c, Rzeszów, 35-959, Poland.
  • 4 Centre for Innovative Research in Medical and Natural Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Warzywna 1a, Rzeszów, 35-310, Poland.

In Poland the preterm children, with the birth rate reaching 6.3%, constitute a serious medical problem. The system of specialistic clinics provides them with the multidisciplinary care for the first 3 years of life, including the monitoring of hematologic parameters in relation with anemia and osteopenia. The aim of this study was to assess the vitamin D3 level and morphotic parameters of blood in children who were prematurely born at the time when they are about to start school. The study was carried out in a group of 92 children, aged 6 years ±0.63, including 54 preterm children born at gestational age <32 weeks - and 38 full-term children. A basic anthropometric measures and assessment of morphotic parameters and the vitamin D3 level were assessed. Statistical analyses were carried out using Shapiro-Wilk W-test, Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U test.

Preterm children had significantly lower the vitamin D3 level than controls.
This also refers to some morphotic parameters of blood, such as

  • level of hemoglobin,
  • mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and platelets.

Prematurely born 6-7 year-old children have significantly lower vitamin D3 levels in blood serum than normal and significantly lower hemoglobin levels than full-term children.

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