Ischaemic stroke – Vitamin D doubled survival (Injection followed by monthly 60,000 IU) – RCT Aug 2016

Effect of Vitamin D and calcium supplementation on ischaemic stroke outcome: a randomised controlled open-label trial

International Journal of Clinical Practice , Early View, DOI: 10.1111/ijcp.12866
Anu Gupta, Sudesh Prabhakar, Manish Modi, Sanjay K Bhadada, Mani Kalaivani, Vivek Lal, Dheeraj Khurana

Background and aims
Vitamin D deficiency is a common problem in stroke survivors. Observational studies have reported an association of low vitamin D levels with greater stroke severity, poststroke mortality and functional disability. Randomised clinical trials are lacking. We sought to assess the effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in ischaemic stroke survivors with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency on disability/mortality outcomes.

In this randomised controlled open-label trial, 73 patients of acute ischaemic stroke were screened for serum 25 hydroxy Vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels. A total of 53 patients with baseline 25(OH)D <75 nmol/L were randomised into two arms. One received vitamin D and calcium supplementation along with usual care (n=25) and the other received usual care alone (n=28). Primary outcome was the proportion of patients achieving a good outcome [modified Rankin Scale score 0–2] at 6 months and all cause mortality at 6 months.

The age (mean±SD) of participants was 60.4±11.3 years, 69.8% were males. The proportion of patients achieving good outcome was higher in the intervention arm (Adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 0.6–6.4; P=.31). The survival probability was greater in the intervention arm (83.8%, CI 62.4–93.6) as compared with the control arm (59.5%, CI 38.8–75.2; P=.049) with adjusted Hazard ratio (HR) of 0.26 (95% CI 0.08–0.9; P=.03).

This is the first randomised controlled study assessing the effect of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on ischaemic stroke outcomes and points towards a potential benefit. Findings need to be validated by a larger trial.
 Download the PDF from sci-hub via VitaminDWiki

From PDF
  • The intervention group received a single intramuscular injection of 600 000 IU cholecalciferol followed by oral cholecalciferol 60 000 IU once a month with one gram elemental calcium daily along with usual poststroke care.
  • Death rate
    16% if supplemented
    39% in the usual care arm.
  • Survival probability at 6 months
    84% if supplemented
    60% in usual care arm

VitaminDWiki – Stroke category contains

124 items in stroke category - see also Overview Stroke and vitamin D,
Overview Hypertension and Vitamin D  Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D

Stroke more likely if low Vitamin D

Post-Stroke worse if low Vitamin D

Post-Stroke better if add Vitamin D

Post-Stroke better if Vitamin D actually gets to cells

9 studies in both categories Depression and Stroke

7 studies in both categories Stroke and Intervention

This list is automatically updated

23+ VitaminDWiki Stroke pages have ISCHEMIC OR ISCHAEMIC in the title

This list is automatically updated

Items found: 23
Title Modified
Ischemic Stroke is 18% more likely if poor Vitamin D genes (unless take more Vitamin D) – Feb 2024 21 Mar, 2024
High Omega-3 reduced risk of Ischemic stroke by 18% - Dec 2023 05 Jan, 2024
Elderly vaccinated for COVID were 2X more likely to die of ischemic stroke (2930 vs 1180 deaths)– Nov 2021 22 Nov, 2021
Ischaemic stroke – Vitamin D doubled survival (Injection followed by monthly 60,000 IU) – RCT Aug 2016 05 Mar, 2021
Poor Ischemic stroke outcome (END) 2.6 X worse if low vitamin D – March 2019 26 Nov, 2019
Death after Ischemic Stroke 2.5 X more likely if less than 10 ng of Vitamin D – May 2019 02 May, 2019
Improved recovery from ischemic stroke with Vitamin D (300,000 IU injection) – RCT June 2018 29 Jun, 2018
Ischemic Stroke risk reduced by 2.5 if have good level of vitamin D – meta-analysis Feb 2018 28 Feb, 2018
Ischaemic Stroke has less impact in animals supplemented with Omega-3 – Jan 2018 13 Feb, 2018
Vitamin D levels drop after ischemic stroke – Dec 2017 20 Jan, 2018
Ischemic stroke 17 X more likely if low vitamin D – April 2017 13 Jan, 2018
Large vessel Ischemic Stroke 13 X more likely if low vitamin D – Nov 2017 04 Jan, 2018
Intracranial arterial calcification in 85 percent of ischemic strokes (Vitamin K and Vitamin D should help) – Oct 2017 27 Oct, 2017
Ischemic stroke and low vitamin D – 3X higher risk of poor outcome, 6 X higher risk of a second stroke, Oct 2017 04 Oct, 2017
Better outcome following Ischemic stroke if injected with 600,000 IU of vitamin D – RCT Feb 2017 01 Aug, 2017
Death within 2 years of surviving an ischemic stroke 10X less likely if high vitamin D – July 2017 01 Aug, 2017
Risk of Ischemic Stroke doubles if take more than 1 gram of Calcium daily for years – May 2017 20 May, 2017
Ischemic Stroke risk best predicted by Vitamin D, including PTH improves the prediction – Feb 2017 02 Mar, 2017
Ischemic Stroke with low vitamin D resulted in larger lesions – May 2015 11 Mar, 2016
Vitamin D associated with 50 percent less ischemic stroke – meta-analysis Aug 2012 12 Jul, 2015
Ischemic Stroke 3X more likely if Vitamin D Receptor gene change (Fok 1) – Jan 2014 29 Dec, 2014
Ischemic stroke 2X more likely if Vitamin D Receptor gene problem – Dec 2014 17 Dec, 2014
Acute ischemic stroke 19 percent more likely if even lower vitamin D – Sept 2013 14 Sep, 2013

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