No consensus: Increased Vitamin D ==> increased Kidney Stones
Magnesium and Vitamin K2 will probably decrease Kidney Stones
Increased Vitamin D + Decreased Calcium will probably decrease Kidney stones
Table of contents
- Vitamin K2 might reduce incidence of Kidney Stones
- Magnesium appears to both prevent and treat Kidney stones > 900,000 hits Jan 2013
- Hypothesis: Elevated serum vitamin D was a sign of the body healing and ejecting a kidney stone
- Grassroots web page on Kidney Stones
- No extra Kidney stones when vitamin D2 added – May 2012
- See also VitaminDWiki
- See also web and PubMed
- 2 studies showing increased Kidney stones with LOW vitamin D - Vitamin D council May 2016
- Vitamin D, Hypercalciuria and Kidney Stones - March 2018 - possible
- Review of what causes/prevents kidney stones - March 2020
- Overview Vitamin K and Vitamin D
- Vitamin K2 and the Calcium Paradox – 2012 book
- Interview of Vitamin K2 and Calcium Paradox author by Dr. Mercola – Dec 2012
- Vitamin K2 from natto improved bone mineral density – March 2011
- Works for Me: Magnesium Ended My Kidney Stones Dr Whitaker Sept 2012
180 mg of magnesium along with 10 mg of vitamin B6 daily reduced stone formation by 92.3 % per year!
Another study showed about a 90 % reduction with magnesium alone (500 mg daily).
- DOSAGES OF MAGNESIUM FOR KIDNEY STONES Livestrong Sept 2011
- Men's Health. Magnesium and Kidney Stone Prevention Nutrional Magnesium Association (date unknown)
- Magnesium and Kidney Stones
- Kidney stonesMG12 INFO
Summer Heat & Kidney Stones - Why Summer Is Kidney Stone Season
Drinking more of the right fluids can help you avoid summer kidney stone flareups
Seasonal episodes of kidney stones may be related to summer or heat waves as the body lose fluid through perspiration (sweating) and urine...
How to Prevent Kidney Stones in Summer. Kidney stones form when the body doesn't properly flush out minerals and chemicals ingested such as calcium, ...
Seasonal variations in urinary excretion of calcium and magnesium ... by J G?uszek - 1978
probable that the lack of seasonal changes in calciuria may be connected first ... In the summer, patients with renal stones and healthy subjects show a ...
How summer affects your health... for good or ill |5 Jun 2009 ... KIDNEY STONES (improves). Summer is known as 'kidney stone season' by medics because they see twice as many of them as in winter. ...
Why oral calcium supplements may reduce renal stone disease ...by C Williams - 2001 -
Seasonal variations in the composition of urine in relation to calcium stone-formation. ... A common molecular basis for three inherited kidney stone diseases.
Newsletter by Dr. Cannell: Does vitamin D cause kidney stones?
- Kidney stones are just like influenza. Scientists have not seen the forest for the trees yet.
- In winter we get more influenza due to vitamin D deficiency.
- In summer we eject kidney stones due to elevated serum levels of vitamin D healing the kidney.
Dr. Heaney's Comments:
- Kidney stones are of many types and have many causes.
- The most common types in the US are calcium oxalate stones.
- The stone should be analyzed so as to determine the approach to treatment.
- Whatever the stone type, stone formers have a defect in kidney production of a solution stabilizer, normally secreted into the urine.
- This keeps the commonly supersaturated urine from forming precipitates (which then aggregate into stones).
- There are two basic approaches indicated in most cases.
- One is to drink large amounts of water each day to keep the urine diluted
- The second is to reduce the urine content of components that form precipitates. For example, if the stone is a urate stone, medicines will be prescribed that reduce the body's production of uric acid. Or if the stone is calcium oxalate, large quantities of calcium should be ingested to block absorption of oxalic acid from the intestinal contents, thereby reducing the amount of oxalate that will have to be excreted through the kidneys. While high calcium intake sounds counter-intuitive, there is a solid scientific base for the recommendation, and persuasive clinical trial data showing that it works. Placing patients on low calcium diets will actually double the risk of having a second stone.
- There are several other approaches that might be taken, but the foregoing hit the main points. It's important to remember that the basic defect (absence of a solution stabilizer) persists, so whatever strategy works will have to become permanent.
- Vitamin D, in doses producing desirable serum levels of 25(OH)D (40-60 ng/ml or 100-150 nmol/L), does not adversely affect any of the components of this system
Effect of Vitamin D Repletion on Urinary Calcium Excretion among Kidney Stone Formers
CJASN May 2012 vol. 7 no. 5 829-834
David E. Leaf*,†, Ruslan Korets‡, Eric N. Taylor§, Jie Tang?, John R. Asplin¶, David S. Goldfarb**, Mantu Gupta‡, Gary C. Curhan†
Departments of *Medicine and
‡Urology, Columbia University, New York, New York;
†Division of Renal Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts;
§Division of Nephrology and Transplantation, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine;
?Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado;
¶Litholink Corporation, Chicago, Illinois; and
**Nephrology Section, New York Harbor VA Healthcare System, New York, New York
Dr. David E. Leaf, Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston MA 02115. Email: DELEAF at partners.org
M.G. and G.C.C. contributed equally to this work.
Background and objectives Despite the important role of vitamin D in maintaining bone health, many clinicians are reluctant to treat vitamin D deficiency in kidney stone formers because of the theoretical risk of increasing urinary calcium excretion. This study examined the effect of vitamin D repletion on urinary calcium excretion among stone formers.
Design, setting, participants, & measurements Participants (n=29) were recruited from urology clinics affiliated with New York Presbyterian Hospital. Enrollment criteria included a history of nephrolithiasis, urinary calcium excretion between 150 and 400 mg/d, and a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level <30 ng/ml. Participants were given oral ergocalciferol (50,000 IU/wk) for 8 weeks. Serum and 24-hour urine tests were repeated after 8 weeks.
Results Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D increased significantly after vitamin D repletion (17±6 and 35±10 ng/ml, P<0.001), but mean 24-hour urinary calcium excretion did not change (257±54 and 255±88 mg/d at baseline and follow-up, respectively, P=0.91). However, 11 participants had an increase in urinary calcium excretion ?20 mg/d; these participants also had an increase in urine sodium excretion, likely reflecting dietary variability. No participant experienced adverse effects from vitamin D, including hypercalcemia.
Conclusions Among stone formers with vitamin D deficiency, a limited course of vitamin D repletion does not seem to increase mean urinary calcium excretion, although a subset of individuals may have an increase. These data suggest that vitamin D therapy, if indicated, should not be withheld solely on the basis of stone disease, but 24-hour urinary calcium excretion should be monitored after repletion.
Received November 6, 2011; Accepted February 18, 2012.
- Kidney stones myth from medical book on vitamin D - 2010
- All items in category Kidney Stones and vitamin D
- Kidney stone production REDUCED in rats when Vitamin D and Calcium was added – Dec 2013
- Yet again, 1 gram of Calcium increases Kidney stones with vitamin D – July 2011 which has the following chart
- Vitamin D and calcium kidney stones: a review and a proposal Aug 2018
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-018-1965-z , 103 references online
"This article attempts to review the relationship between calcium stones and vitamin D, and propose a mechanism for the association between vitamin D deficiency and calcium-based calculi according to the substantial role of inflammation and oxidative stress in calcium stone formation and also the pro-inflammatory effect of vitamin D deficiency"
- Vitamin D, Hypercalciuria and Kidney Stones March 2018
Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
- Vitamin D Repletion in Kidney Stone Formers: A Randomized Controlled Trial April 2017
No difference in urine calcium excretion or the supersaturation of calcium salts in those taking 1,000 IU daily vs 50,000 IU weekly
- Hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria, and kidney stones in long-term studies of vitamin D supplementation: a systematic review and meta-analysis Oct 2016
"vitamin D supplementation did not increase risk of kidney stones"
Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
- Girón-Prieto MS, et al. Analysis of vitamin D deficiency in calcium stone-forming patients. Int Urol Nephrol. 2016 Apr 19. [Epub ahead of print]
- Ticinesi A, et al. Idiopathic Calcium Nephrolithiasis and Hypovitaminosis D: A Case-control Study. Urology. 2016 Jan;87:40-5.
Kidney stones (Calcium) associated with lower vitamin D this time – April 2016 VitaminDWiki report on one of them
"It seems likely that predisposed individuals may develop hypercalciuria and kidney stones in response to vitamin D supplements"
Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
Nutrients, Vitamins, Probiotics and Herbal Products: An Update of Their Role in Urolithogenesis
Urolithiasis - 2020 Mar 2, DOI: 10.1007/s00240-020-01182-x
Renato Nardi Pedro 1 2, Asad Ullah Aslam 1 3, Jibril Oyekunle Bello 1 4, Kamran Hassan Bhatti 1 5, Joseph Philipraj 1 6, Idrissa Sissoko 1 7, Giovanna Souza Vasconcellos 2, Alberto Trinchieri 1, Noor Buchholz 8 9
Nutrients, vitamins, probiotics, and herbal products may be risk factors, or alternately, protect against the formation of urinary stones. The purpose of this review was to update knowledge of the role of nutraceuticals in renal stone formation. A systematic search of the relevant literature published in PubMed in the last ten years was conducted and a narrative review of the data from the included studies was done. Search screened 513 studies that were reduced to 34 after evaluation by title and abstract; other 38 studies were retrieved by references of the selected studies.
This page is in the following categories (# of items in each category)
- Beverages high fluid intake confirmed protective effect;
- orange juice protective effect;
- apple or grapefruit juice not confirmed as risk factors;
- sugar-sweetened soda and punch increased risk of stone formation.
- Energy intake: very high energy intake increased risk factor for women (especially after menopause);
- dietary acid load increased risk at equal levels of energy intake.
- Macronutrients confirmed increased risk of high protein intake.
- Calcium and Oxalate: calcium intake protective effect; oxalate intake only modest increase of risk in men and older women.
- Metal cations zinc and iron intake no clear impact on the risk of stone formation,
- dietary copper increased risk;
- manganese intake reduced risk of stone formation.
- Fruits and Vegetables decreased risk.
- Vitamins B6 intake not associated to risk of stone formation;
- vitamin C intake increased risk in men;
- vitamin D or supplemental vitamin D intake not associated to increased risk in men and younger women,
- suggestion of a higher risk in older women;
- Probiotics Gut colonization with Oxalobacter formigenes associated to lower risk of stone formation,
- effect of oxalate-degraders probiotics on urinary oxalate equivocal.
- Herbal products efficacy of some herbal products demonstrated in some trials, more investigations needed to confirm their efficacy and safety.