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BMI was excellent predictor of vitamin D levels – Feb 2010

25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Correlates With Insulin-Sensitivity and BMI in Obesity.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Feb 11.
Muscogiuri G, Sorice GP, Prioletta A, Policola C, Casa SD, Pontecorvi A, Giaccari A.
Endocrinology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.

The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D is high among obese subjects. Further, low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration has been postulated to be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, although its relation with insulin-sensitivity is not well investigated. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between 25(OH)D concentration and insulin-sensitivity, using the glucose clamp technique. In total, 39 subjects with no known history of diabetes mellitus were recruited. The association of 25(OH)D concentration with insulin-sensitivity was evaluated by hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp.

Subjects with low 25(OH)D (<50 nmol/l) had higher BMI (P = 0.048), parathyroid hormone (PTH) (P = 0.040), total cholesterol (P = 0.012), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (P = 0.044), triglycerides (P = 0.048), and lower insulin-sensitivity as evaluated by clamp study (P = 0.047). There was significant correlation between 25(OH)D and BMI (r = -0.58; P = 0.01), PTH (r = -0.44; P < 0.01), insulin-sensitivity (r = 0.43; P < 0.01), total (r = -0.34; P = 0.030) and LDL (r = -0.40; P = 0.023) (but not high-density lipoprotein (HDL)) cholesterol, and triglycerides (r = 0.45; P = 0.01).

Multivariate analysis using 25(OH)D concentration, BMI, insulin-sensitivity, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglycerides, as the cofactors was performed.

BMI was found to be the most powerful predictor of 25(OH)D concentration (r = -0.52; P < 0.01), whereas insulin-sensitivity was not significant. Our study suggested that there is no cause-effect relationship between vitamin D and insulin-sensitivity. In obesity, both low 25(OH)D concentration and insulin-resistance appear to be dependent on the increased body size. PMID: 20150902

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