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Vitamin D, Quercetin, and Estradiol all increase vitamin D in cells and increase genes which reduce COVID-19 – May 21, 2020

Tripartite Combination of Candidate Pandemic Mitigation Agents: Vitamin D, Quercetin, and Estradiol Manifest Properties of Medicinal Agents for Targeted Mitigation of the COVID-19 Pandemic Defined by Genomics-Guided Tracing of SARS-CoV-2 Targets in Human Cells
Biomedicines 2020, 8(5), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8050129
by Gennadi V. Glinsky gglinskii at ucsd.edu
Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr. MC 0435, La Jolla, CA 92093-0435, USA


See also VitaminDWiki

The risk of 44 diseases at least double with poor Vitamin D Receptor as of Oct 2019

Vitamin D Receptor activation can be increased by any of: Resveratrol,  Omega-3,  MagnesiumZinc,   Quercetin,   non-daily Vit D,  Curcumin, intense exercise,   Ginger,   Essential oils, etc  Note: The founder of VitaminDWiki uses 10 of the 12 known VDR activators

Vitamin D Receptor category has the following

372 studies in Vitamin D Receptor category

Vitamin D tests cannot detect Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) problems
A poor VDR restricts Vitamin D from getting in the cells
It appears that 30% of the population has a poor VDR (40% of the Obese )
A poor VDR increases the risk of 55 health problems  click here for details
The risk of 44 diseases at least double with poor Vitamin D Receptor as of Oct 2019
VDR at-home test $29 - results not easily understood in 2016
There are hints that you may have inherited a poor VDR
Compensate for poor VDR by increasing one or more:

IncreasingIncreases
1) Vitamin D supplement
  Sun, Ultraviolet -B
Vitamin D in the blood
and thus in the cells
2) MagnesiumVitamin D in the blood
 AND in the cells
3) Omega-3 Vitamin D in the cells
4) Resveratrol Vitamin D Receptor
5) Intense exercise Vitamin D Receptor
6) Get prescription for VDR activator
   paricalcitol, maxacalcitol?
Vitamin D Receptor
7) Quercetin (flavonoid) Vitamin D Receptor
8) Zinc is in the VDRVitamin D Receptor
9) BoronVitamin D Receptor ?,
etc
10) Essential oils e.g. ginger, curcuminVitamin D Receptor
11) ProgesteroneVitamin D Receptor
12) Infrequent high concentration Vitamin D
Increases the concentration gradient
Vitamin D in the cells
13) Sulfroaphone and perhaps sulfurVitamin D Receptor

Note: If you are not feeling enough benefit from Vitamin D, you might try increasing VDR activation. You might feel the benefit within days of adding one or more of the above
Far healthier and stronger at age 72 due to supplements Includes 6 supplements which help the VDR


Items in both categories Virus and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:


Resveratrol improves health (Vitamin D receptor, etc.) has the following

  • The Vitamin D Receptor can restrict how much of the Vitamin D in the blood actually gets to cells
  • Resveratrol is one of 11 ways to negate the Vitamin D Receptor restrictions
  • Resveratrol is produced by several plants in response to injury or, when the plant is under attack by pathogens such as bacteria or fung
  • Benefits of Reseveratrol, like Vitamin D, appears to be increased when used with other things
    • Quercetin and Curcumin in the case of Resveratro

The articles in both of the categories Resveratrol and Vitamin D Receptor



 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

A sampling of the charts

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Abstract

Genes required for SARS-CoV-2 entry into human cells, ACE2 and FURIN, were employed as baits to build genomic-guided molecular maps of upstream regulatory elements, their expression and functions in the human body, and pathophysiologically -relevant cell types. Repressors and activators of the ACE2 and FURIN genes were identified based on the analyses of gene silencing and overexpression experiments as well as relevant transgenic mouse models. Panels of repressors (VDR; GATA5; SFTPC; HIF1a) and activators (HMGA2; INSIG1; RUNX1; HNF4a; JNK1/c-FOS) were then employed to identify existing drugs manifesting in their effects on gene expression signatures of potential coronavirus infection mitigation agents. Using this strategy, vitamin D and quercetin have been identified as putative 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) mitigation agents.
Quercetin has been identified as one of top-scoring candidate therapeutics in the supercomputer SUMMIT drug-docking screen and Gene Set Enrichment Analyses (GSEA) of expression profiling experiments (EPEs), indicating that highly structurally similar quercetin, luteolin, and eriodictyol could serve as scaffolds for the development of efficient inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 infection. In agreement with this notion, quercetin alters the expression of 98 of 332 (30%) of human genes encoding protein targets of SARS-CoV-2, thus potentially interfering with functions of 23 of 27 (85%) of the SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins in human cells. Similarly, Vitamin D may interfere with functions of 19 of 27 (70%) of the SARS-CoV-2 proteins by altering expression of 84 of 332 (25%) of human genes encoding protein targets of SARS-CoV-2. Considering the potential effects of both quercetin and vitamin D, the inference could be made that functions of 25 of 27 (93%) of SARS-CoV-2 proteins in human cells may be altered. GSEA and EPEs identify multiple drugs, smoking, and many disease conditions that appear to act as putative coronavirus infection-promoting agents. Discordant patterns of testosterone versus estradiol impacts on SARS-CoV-2 targets suggest a plausible molecular explanation of the apparently higher male mortality during the coronavirus pandemic.
Estradiol, in contrast with testosterone, affects the expression of the majority of human genes (203 of 332; 61%) encoding SARS-CoV-2 targets, thus potentially interfering with functions of 26 of 27 SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins. A hypothetical tripartite combination consisting of quercetin/vitamin D/estradiol may affect expression of 244 of 332 (73%) human genes encoding SARS-CoV-2 targets.
Of major concern is the ACE2 and FURIN expression in many human cells and tissues, including immune cells, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 may infect a broad range of cellular targets in the human body. Infection of immune cells may cause immunosuppression, long-term persistence of the virus, and spread of the virus to secondary targets.
Present analyses and numerous observational studies indicate that age-associated vitamin D deficiency may contribute to the high mortality of older adults and the elderly. Immediate availability for targeted experimental and clinical interrogations of potential COVID-19 pandemic mitigation agents, namely vitamin D and quercetin, as well as of the highly selective (Ki, 600 pm) intrinsically specific FURIN inhibitor (a1-antitrypsin Portland (a1-PDX), is considered an encouraging factor. Observations reported in this contribution are intended to facilitate follow-up targeted experimental studies and, if warranted, randomized clinical trials to identify and validate therapeutically viable interventions to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.
Specifically, gene expression profiles of vitamin D and quercetin activities and their established safety records as over-the-counter medicinal substances strongly argue that they may represent viable candidates for further considerations of their potential utility as COVID-19 pandemic mitigation agents.

In line with the results of present analyses, a randomized interventional clinical trial evaluating effects of estradiol on severity of the coronavirus infection in COVID19+ and presumptive COVID19+ patients and two interventional randomized clinical trials evaluating effects of vitamin D on prevention and treatment of COVID-19 were listed on the ClinicalTrials.gov website.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus; genomics; mitigation approaches; drugs and medicinal substance repurposing; vitamin D; quercetin; luteolin; eriodictyol; estradiol

Conclusions

The main motivation of this work was to identify human genes implicated in regulatory cross
talks affecting expression and functions of the ACE2 and FURIN genes to build a model of genomic
regulatory interactions potentially affecting SARS-CoV-2 infection. A panel of genes acting as
activators and/or repressors of the ACE2 and/or FURIN expression then could be employed to search
for existing drugs and medicinal substances that, based on their mechanisms of action, could be
defined as candidate coronavirus infection mitigation agents. After experimental and clinical
validation, these existing drugs and/or medicinal agents could be utilized to ameliorate the clinical
severity of the pandemic. This knowledge could also be exploited in an ongoing effort to discover
novel targeted therapeutics tailored to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection and block the entry of the virus
into human cells. Observations reported in this contribution are in agreement with recent studies
describing numerous beneficial clinical effects of the vitamin D supplementations, emphasizing
many detrimental effects of the vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency, and underscoring the
significant COVID-19 mitigation potential of vitamin D [29,30]. Importantly, two recent
interventional randomized clinical trials aiming to evaluate effects of vitamin D on the prevention
and treatment of COVID-19 were listed on the ClinicalTrials.gov website
https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04334005 (Spain)
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04344041 (France)

One of the important findings documented herein is that identified medicinal compounds with
potential coronavirus infection-mitigating effects also appear to induce cell type-specific patterns of
gene expression alterations. Therefore, based on all observations reported in this study, it has been
concluded that any definitive recommendations regarding the potential clinical utility of the herein
identified putative coronavirus infection-mitigating agents, namely vitamin D, quercetin, and
estradiol, should be made only after preclinical studies and randomized controlled clinical trials have
been appropriately designed, carefully executed, and the desired outcomes have been reached.
A supercomputer modeling study using the world’s most powerful supercomputer, SUMMIT,
identified several candidate small molecule drugs which bind to either the isolated SARS-CoV-2 Viral
S-protein at its host receptor region or to the S protein-human ACE2 interface [42]. Interestingly, in
this study, quercetin was identified among the top five scoring ligands for viral S-protein-human
ACE2 receptor interface. Thus, quercetin also appears to be a potentially promising therapeutic
molecule that may directly interfere with the binding of SARS-CoV-2 to human cells. Previously
reported experiments demonstrated that quercetin appears to inhibit SARS-CoV entry into host cells
[43]. Since SARS-CoV-2 utilizes, for the entry into human cells, the same receptor (ACE2) and the
accessory protease FURIN as the SARS-CoV coronavirus [3], these observations suggest that
quercetin may, indeed, possess antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 as well. Significantly, both
quercetin and luteolin have been identified among the top five ligands for the viral S-protein–human
ACE2 receptor interface–ligand-binding complex [42], suggesting that these highly structurally
similar compounds (Figure 7) could serve as efficient inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Consistent
with this hypothesis, it has been reported that both quercetin and luteolin significantly inhibit the
SARS-CoV virus infection [43]

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Vitamin D Receptor Activation

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday June 22, 2020 01:30:30 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 17)

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13848 VDR expression.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 19:09 116.28 Kb 252
13846 biomedicines-08-00129-s001_compressed.pdf PDF 2020 admin 21 May, 2020 18:28 2.49 Mb 31
13845 Tripartite F8.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 15:08 106.32 Kb 266
13844 Tripartite table 2.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 15:07 145.39 Kb 269
13843 Tripartite table.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 15:07 64.78 Kb 280
13842 Tripartite D.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:55 55.31 Kb 275
13841 Tripartite B.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:55 42.00 Kb 277
13840 Estradiol pie.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:54 60.86 Kb 288
13839 Vitamin D pie.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:54 61.46 Kb 13
13838 Quercetin pie.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:53 59.03 Kb 289
13837 Tripartate A.jpg admin 21 May, 2020 14:53 161.41 Kb 290
13836 Vitamin D, Quercetin, and Estradiol COVID-19_compressed.pdf PDF 2020 admin 21 May, 2020 13:54 985.40 Kb 33
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