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Severe Acute Pancreatitis 5.4 X more likely if low vitamin D – Feb 2019

Vitamin D deficiency predicts severe acute pancreatitis.

United European Gastroenterol J. 2019 Feb;7(1):90-95. doi: 10.1177/2050640618811489.
Huh JH1, Kim JW1, Lee KJ1.
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

VitaminDWiki

Items in both categories Omega-3 and Inflammation are listed here:

BACKGROUND: The ability to predict the severity of disease is important to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with severity in various diseases.

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess vitamin D as a predictor of disease severity in patients with AP.

METHODS: Patients with AP were prospectively enrolled at Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine from March 2015 to September 2017. Serum vitamin D was analyzed as soon as AP was diagnosed. The level of vitamin D was classified as normal (>20 ng/ml), insufficient (>10 and ≤20 ng/ml) or deficient (≤10 ng/ml).

RESULTS:
Among 242 patients with AP, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 56.2%, and 28.5% of patients had vitamin D insufficiency. Serum vitamin D level was negatively correlated with severity indexes, such as the Atlanta classification, Computed Tomography Severity Index, Bedside Index for Severity of Acute Pancreatitis, and Ranson score. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency increased with severity of AP according to the Atlanta classification.
Vitamin D deficiency was the independent factor for predicting severe AP (OR 5.37, 95% CI 1.13-25.57, p = 0.015) and intensive care unit admission (OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.24-7.69, p = 0.035).

CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased severity of AP and is a predictor for intensive care unit admission.

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