Pediatrics, June 2017
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G. Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N. Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
None of the abstracts mentioned Vitamin D – which is needed for strong teeth and bones
Most pregnant women around the world now have low levels of vitamin D
Their low levels of Vitamin D probably become even lower after many months of breastfeeding
Solution: supplement the infant/mother with vitamin D or sunshine
- Vitamin D required for breastfed infants – daily or monthly, infant or mother – Jan 2017
- Nepalese infants who sunbathe, etc. have much higher levels of vitamin D than their mothers – Dec 2016
- Sunlight for babies – US Govt 1933
Items in both categories Dental and Infant-Child are listed here:
- Virtually all infants in Poland got 400 IU of Vitamin D daily (not enough, non-daily is better) – April 2021
- More dental caries in children who have less than 30 ng of Vitamin D – Review Sept 2020
- Teeth from 19th century London indicate that most children were Vitamin D Deficient - Oct 2019
- Half as many tooth enamel defects in child if 2400 IU Vitamin D in late pregnancy – RCT Aug 2019
- Half as many teeth problems if higher cord blood level of vitamin D – March 2019
- No tooth decay in children with adequate Vitamin D (small study) – June 2018
- Early tooth decay 1.9 X more likely if a poor Vitamin D receptor – July 2017
- Severe childhood dental problems 2.4 X more likely if breastfed for more than two years (low vitamin D) – June 2017
- Dental Caries risk in children cut in half if more than 20 nanogram of Vitamin D – Nov 2015
- Teeth enamel problems (MIH) 11 percent less likely with just 4 ng more vitamin D – Dec 2014
- 3X fewer infant dental caries if good level of vitamin D while pregnant – April 2014
- Severe tooth decay in children unless supplemented with Vitamin D drops – Oct 2013
- UVB added in classroom reduced cavities, increased height, increased academics. etc
- Dental caries cut in half by vitamin D, review of 24 old clinical trials – Nov 2012
- Children with severe caries were 2X more likely to have inadequate vitamin D – July 2012
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children’s dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption.
METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years. Breastfeeding was the main exposure collected at birth and at 3, 12, and 24 months of age. Data on sugar consumption were collected at 24, 48, and 60 months of age. Marginal structural modeling was used to estimate the controlled direct effect of breastfeeding (0–12, 13–23, and ≥24 months) on dmfs and on S-ECC.
RESULTS: The prevalence of S-ECC was 23.9%. The mean number of dmfs was 4.05. Children who were breastfed for ≥24 months had a higher number of dmfs (mean ratio: 1.9; 95% confidence interval: 1.5–2.4) and a 2.4 times higher risk of having S-ECC (risk ratio: 2.4; 95% confidence interval: 1.7–3.3) than those who were breastfed up to 12 months of age. Breastfeeding between 13 and 23 months had no effect on dental caries.
CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged breastfeeding increases the risk of having dental caries. Preventive interventions for dental caries should be established as early as possible because breastfeeding is beneficial for children’s health. Mechanisms underlying this process should be investigated more deeply.
- Search Pubmed for breastfeeding dental caries 383 items as of July 2017
- Total Breast-Feeding Duration and Dental Caries in Healthy Urban Children April 2017
“. . .the odds of dental caries with total breast-feeding duration >24 months was 2.75”
- Breastfeeding and risk of dental caries July 2016