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Saudi study defines normal Vitamin D level to be 50 to 70 ng - June 2020

25(OH)D Serum Level in Non-Diabetic and Type II Diabetic Patients: A Cross-Sectional StudyCureus. 2020 Jun 29;12(6):e8910. doi: 10.7759/cureus.8910.

Mohmmed A AlHewishel 1, Mohammed Bahgat 2, Abdullah Al Huwaiyshil 1, Mustafa A Alsubie 1, Abdullah Alhassan

VitaminDWiki

"The cut-off levels of vitamin D level are divided into the following ranges:
normal 50 - 70 ng/ml,
insufficient 30 - 49 ng/ml,
and deficient < 30 ng/ml."

Items in both categories Diabetes and Middle East are listed here:

derived from Grassroots 2013


Overview Diabetes and vitamin D contains the following

  • Diabetes is 5X more frequent far from the equator
  • Children getting 2,000 IU of vitamin D are 8X less likely to get Type 1 diabetes
  • Obese people get less sun / Vitamin D - and also vitamin D gets lost in fat
  • Sedentary people get less sun / Vitamin D
  • Worldwide Diabetes increase has been concurrent with vitamin D decrease and air conditioning
  • Elderly get 4X less vitamin D from the same amount of sun
        Elderly also spend less time outdoors and have more clothes on
  • All items in category Diabetes and Vitamin D 453 items: both Type 1 and Type 2

Vitamin D appears to both prevent and treat diabetes

  • Appears that >2,000 IU will Prevent
  • Appears that >4,000 IU will Treat , but not cure
  • Appears that Calcium and Magnesium are needed for both Prevention and Treatment
    • which are just some of the vitamin D cofactors

Number of articles in both categories of Diabetes and:

  • Dark Skin 22;   Intervention 49;   Meta-analysis 28;   Obesity 26;  Pregnancy 39;   T1 (child) 34;  Omega-3 10;  Vitamin D Receptor 18;  Genetics 10;  Magnesium 18    Click here to see details

Diabetic Epidemic

  • Step back to 1994. Suppose an epidemic struck the United States, causing blindness, kidney failure, and leg amputations in steadily increasing numbers.
    Suppose that in less than a decade's time, the epidemic had victimized one out of every eight people
    That epidemic is real, and its name is diabetes, now the nation's sixth leading cause of death.
    Chart from the web (2018?)
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Middle East and Vitamin D contains the following summary

132 items in Middle East category

see also Overview Middle East and vitamin D

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 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
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Note: Saudi females wear concealing clothing in 20's+
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Background
Diabetes mellitus is a major disease worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, it is considered to be the most common disease in the country. Diabetes mellitus has been also found to be associated with 25(OH)D (vitamin D) deficiency. In Saudi Arabia, sunlight is considered a major source for vitamin D. Saudi Arabia is popular for sunny weather most of the year, in which people can get vitamin D from the sun. However, vitamin D deficiency is common in Saudi Arabia, and its deficiency can increase blood glucose levels. We conducted a study to determine the reason for vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia and to assess the relationship of diabetes mellitus with vitamin D. Aim of the work This study is aimed to assess the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in non-diabetic and type II diabetic patients in the King Faisal University (KFU) Health Center in the Al-Ahsa region.

Methods
Our study is a cross-sectional study that was carried out at the KFU Health Center in Saudi Arabia. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics and Research Committee at the College of Medicine at King Faisal University. The study period was from January 2016 to April 2016. We collected each patient's vitamin D serum level, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and fasting blood glucose at the same time for each patient's particular visit to the hospital. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) (IBM SPSS Statistics, Armonk, NY).

Results
Our results showed that 89.53% of the patients had a vitamin D level below the normal range. There was a higher incidence of vitamin D deficiency in females (81.67%) than in males (65.27%) (p-value = 0.001). The incidence of vitamin D deficiency was greater in Saudi (82.19%) than non-Saudi patients (68.40%) (p-value = 0.001), as well as in diabetics (89.68%) than non-diabetics (76.12%) patients (p-value = 0.001). Within each group, the incidence of vitamin D deficiency was higher in females than in males. The incidence of vitamin D deficiency was highest in the age group of 21 to 40 years old (86.19%) and lowest in the age group of one to 20 years old (66.1%). The results showed an inverse relationship between the vitamin D level and both fasting blood glucose and HbA1c (independent sample t-test) were used for correlation. The mean fasting glucose was higher in the deficiency group (165.55) as compared to the insufficiency group (118.67). Also, the mean HbA1c was higher in the deficiency group (8.06) as compared to the insufficiency group (7.23) (p-value = 0.030).

Conclusions
There was a high incidence of vitamin D deficiency among KFU Health Center patients. The vitamin D level was inversely proportional to the level of fasting glucose and HbA1c. There is an evident role of vitamin D deficiency on glucose tolerance in diabetic patients.


Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday August 5, 2020 12:48:55 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 14)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
14119 Levels vs age.jpg admin 05 Aug, 2020 12:09 39.02 Kb 94
14118 Saudi Diabetic and non diabetic.jpg admin 05 Aug, 2020 12:09 55.99 Kb 98
14117 Saudi.jpg admin 05 Aug, 2020 12:09 26.22 Kb 94
14116 Diabetic and non-diabetic.pdf admin 05 Aug, 2020 11:48 133.09 Kb 59
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