25-hydroxyvitamin d and its relationship with autonomic dysfunction using time- and frequency-domain parameters of heart rate variability in korean populations: a cross-sectional study.
Nutrients. 2014 Oct 16;6(10):4373-88. doi: 10.3390/nu6104373.
Tak YJ1, Lee JG2, Kim YJ3, Lee SY4, Cho BM5.
Previous studies have demonstrated that reduced heart rate variability (HRV) and hypovitaminosis D are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD).
However, few reports have investigated the effects of vitamin D on HRV. This cross-sectional study analyzed serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and HRV indices using 5-min R-R interval recordings with an automatic three-channel electrocardiography in healthy subjects (103 males and 73 females). Standard deviation of N-N interval (SDNN), square root of mean squared differences of successive N-N intervals (RMSSD), total power (TP), very low frequency (VLF), low frequency (LF), and high frequency (HF) were reported. The mean age of subjects was 55.3 ± 11.3 years and the mean 25(OH)D level was 21.2 ± 9.9 ng/mL. In a multiple linear regression model, 25(OH)D was positively correlated with SDNN (β = 0.240, p < 0.002), and LF (β = 0.144, p = 0.044).
Vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D < 15 ng/mL) was associated with decreased SDNN (<30 m/s) (OR, 3.07; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.32-7.14; p = 0.014) after adjusting for covariates. We found that lower 25(OH)D levels were associated with lower HRV, suggesting a possible explanation for the higher risk of CVD in populations with hypovitaminosis D.
Impaired Cardiac Autonomic Functions in Apparently Healthy Subjects with Vitamin D Deficiency - Nov 2014
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2014 Nov 2. doi: 10.1111/anec.12233. [Epub ahead of print]
Canpolat U1, Ozcan F, Ozeke O, Turak O, Yayla C, Açıkgöz SK, Cay S, Topaloğlu S, Aras D, Aydoğdu S.
Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency affects the cardiovascular system via endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine pathways. Limited data are available regarding cardiac autonomic dysfunction in VitD deficiency. The aim of this study was to assess the cardiac autonomic functions by using heart rate recovery index (HRRI) and heart rate variability (HRV) in apparently healthy subjects with VitD deficiency.
A total of 24 VitD deficient and 50 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched VitD sufficient healthy participants who admitted to outpatient clinics at a tertiary centre were enrolled. All study participants underwent Treadmill exercise test and 24-hour Holter recording to assess cardiac autonomic functions. HRRIs were calculated by subtracting first, second, and third minute heart rates during recovery period from maximal heart rate.
Mean HRR1 (28.0 ± 8.3 vs 42.8 ± 6.4, P < 0.001), HRR2 (41.1 ± 11.2 vs 60.8 ± 10.4, P < 0.001), and HRR3 (44.9 ± 13.3 vs 65.9 ± 9.8, P < 0.001) were significantly higher in VitD sufficient group compared to VitD deficient group. HRV parameters as, SDNN (P = 0.040), SDANN (P < 0.001), RMSSD (P < 0.001), PNN50 (P < 0.001), and HF (P < 0.001) were significantly decreased in patients with VitD deficiency; but LF (P < 0.001) and LF/HF (P = 0.003) were significantly higher in VitD deficient group. Serum 25(OH)D level was positively correlated with HRRIs (P < 0.001), PNN50, RMSSD, SDANN, and HFnu; negatively correlated with LFnu and LF/HF (P < 0.05). Also, multivariate linear regression analysis showed that serum 25(OH)D level was significantly associated with HRRIs and HRV parameters (P < 0.001).
Our study results suggest that cardiac autonomic functions are impaired in patients with VitD deficiency despite the absence of overt cardiac involvement and symptoms. Further studies are needed to elucidate the prognostic significance and clinical implications of impaired autonomic functions in patients with VitD deficiency.
This study is in VitaminDWiki: Salmon intervention (vitamin D and Omega-3) improved heart rate variability and reduced anxiety – Nov 2014