Glob Heart. 2015 Mar 26. pii: S2211-8160(14)02709-4. doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2014.12.001. [Epub ahead of print]
Grant WB San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: wbgrant at infionline.net.
A recent issue of Global Heart contained a set of articles on the prevalence of atherosclerosis in ancient and modern people.
An article by Thomas et al.  suggested that chronic inflammation might be an important contributing factor.
It noted that in ancient times, inflammation could be due to microbes and parasites, whereas in modern times, it could be due to chronic systemic inflammatory diseases.
Cardiovascular category listing has
- Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D
- Hypertension and vitamin D
- Overview Metabolic Syndrome and vitamin D
- Overview Stroke and vitamin D
- Peripheral arterial disease risk is 1.5X higher if low vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018
- Peripheral Arterial Disease 3.7 X more likely in diabetics with low vitamin D – June 2019
- Heart attack ICU costs cut in half by Vitamin D – Oct 2018
- Heart Failure and Vitamin D meta-analyses - 2016, 2019
- Cardiovascular death 1.5X more likely if less than 20 ng of Vitamin D – 22nd meta-analysis Nov 2019
- Vitamin D supplementation reduces many Cardiovascular Disease markers– meta-analysis July 2018
- Cardiovascular Prevention with Omega-3 (finally using high doses) – Sept 2019
- Higher Omega-3 index (4 to 8 percent) associated with 30 percent less risk of coronary disease (10 studies) July 2017
A poor Vitamin D Receptor can block Vitamin D in blood from getting to tissues
- Heart Failure 15X more likely if poor VDR, even if good level of vitamin D (China) – March 2019
- Coronary Artery Disease without diabetes 5 times more likely if VDR gene problems – meta-analysis May 2016
- Cholesterol is needed to produce both Vitamin D and Cortisol
- Overview Cholesterol and vitamin D
- Statins and vitamin D statins often reduce levels of vitamin D
- Statin side-effects are reduced by Vitamin D – US patent Application – April 2019
Vitamin K2 may actually clean out the arteries
- Vitamin K2 decreases arterial stiffness (cleans arteries) – RCT Feb 2015
- Vitamin D is good, but must balance Vitamins A and K2 to prevent Calcification – Masterjohn Aug 2014
- Overview Vitamin K and Vitamin D
Omega-3 also reduces inflammation
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