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Fewer children died of pneumonia after getting 100,000 IU of vitamin D – RCT March 2021

Vitamin D supplementation and improvement of pneumonic children at a tertiary pediatric hospital in Egypt: A randomized controlled trial

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 2;100(13):e25011. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000025011.
John Rene Labib 1, Sally Kamal Ibrahem 1, Mohamed M Ismail 1, Shaimaa A M Abd El Fatah 2, Amal Samir Sedrak 2, Mona Adel Soliman Attia 2, Hadeel Mohammad El-Hanafi 3, Mai Hamed Kamel 3


Background: Despite the well-recognized effect of vitamin D in metabolism and homeostasis, there is now growing interest in its probable association with pneumonia. This study aims to supply vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) (100,000 IU) to pneumonic children to minimize the duration of illness and improve their outcome.

Methods: A double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in a Pediatric Cairo University affiliated hospital. An intervention arm (93 children) and a control arm (98 children), who had pneumonia with an insufficient or deficient level of vitamin D and whose parental permission was obtained, were enrolled in the trial. All children were treated with antibiotics according to WHO guidelines. Children were given a single injection of 1 mL of 100,000 IU of vitamin D3 or placebo. Clinical data were recorded every eight hours for all children. Outcomes were assessed 7 days after vitamin D injection.The primary outcome variable was the change in serum level of 25(OH)D, while the secondary outcomes were the medical state of the assigned cases (improvement or death) and duration between enrollment and hospital discharge for improved cases.

Results: In the supplementation group, the percentage of patients who suffered either deficient (38.7%) or insufficient levels (61.3%) of 25 (OH)D at day one had significantly decreased in the seventh day to (11.8%) and (52.7%), respectively. Kaplan- Meier plots highlighted that the median time to recover of the placebo group was significantly longer than that of the supplementation group (Log Rank P value < .001).

Conclusion: VDD was detected in pediatric critical care children. In pneumonic children with high VDD, it is illustrated that Vitamin D supplementation is accompanied by lowered mortality risk and pSOFA scores, reduced time to recover, and improved PaO2/FiO2.

Trial registration: Trial Identifier number: NCT04244474. Registered on 27 January 2020- Retrospectively registered at ttps://register.clinicaltrials.gov/prs/app/action/SelectProtocol?sid=S0009JXO&selectaction=Edit&uid=U0004UO8&ts=152&cx=9cceq6.| ClinicalTrials.gov]

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