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Diabetes and Vitamin D references (PDF behind paywall) – Jan 2017

Vitamin D and diabetes mellitus: Causal or casual association?

Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, pp 1–15, First Online: 07 January 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s11154-016-9403-y
M. GrammatikiE. RaptiS. KarrasR. A. AjjanKalliopi Kotsa

See also VitaminDWiki

Diabetes category starts with the following

479 items In Diabetes category

see also Overview Diabetes and vitamin D  Overview Metabolic Syndrome and vitamin D

Autoimmune category listing has 177 items along with related searches

T1 diabetes OR type1 diabetes in title 107 as of April 2018
prediabetes OR prediabetic 1260 items as of April 2021
Search VitaminDWiki for Peripheral Neuropathy 238 items April 2018
Overview Diabetes and vitamin D contains the following summary

  • Diabetes is 5X more frequent far from the equator
  • Children getting 2,000 IU of vitamin D are 8X less likely to get Type 1 diabetes
  • Obese people get less sun / Vitamin D - and also vitamin D gets lost in fat
  • Sedentary people get less sun / Vitamin D
  • Worldwide Diabetes increase has been concurrent with vitamin D decrease and air conditioning
  • Elderly get 4X less vitamin D from the same amount of sun
        Elderly also spend less time outdoors and have more clothes on
  • All items in category Diabetes and Vitamin D 479 items: both Type 1 and Type 2

Vitamin D appears to both prevent and treat diabetes

  • Appears that >2,000 IU will Prevent
  • Appears that >4,000 IU will Treat , but not cure
  • Appears that Calcium and Magnesium are needed for both Prevention and Treatment
    • which are just some of the vitamin D cofactors

Number of articles in both categories of Diabetes and:

  • Dark Skin 23;   Intervention 52;   Meta-analysis 34;   Obesity 28;  Pregnancy 40;   T1 (child) 37;  Omega-3 11;  Vitamin D Receptor 21;  Genetics 11;  Magnesium 19    Click here to see details

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The incidence of both type 2 and type 1 diabetes mellitus has been increasing worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency, or the awareness of its prevalence, has also been increasing. Vitamin D may have a role in the pathogenic mechanisms predisposing to type 2 diabetes by modulating insulin resistance and/or pancreatic ß-cell function. Vitamin D status or elements involved in its activation or transport may also be involved in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus through immunomodulatory role . Based on these observations a potential association between vitamin D and diabetes has been hypothesized. In this review we discuss up to date evidence linking vitamin D with the development of diabetes. Moreover, the role of vitamin D supplementation in the prevention of both types of diabetes is analysed together with its role in improving glycemic control in diabetic patients. We also address the potential role of vitamin D deficiency in the development of macro- and microvascular complications in diabetes. Finally, we provide recommendation for Vitamin D therapy in diabetes in view of current evidence and highlight areas for potential future research in this area.

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