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Dementia risk significantly increased if have 4 chronic diseases – all associated with low vitamin D – Sept 2015

Multimorbidity and Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Volume 63, Issue 9, pages 1783–1790, Sept 2015
Maria Vassilaki MD, MPH, PhD1,2, Jeremiah A. Aakre MPH2, Ruth H. Cha MS2, Walter K. Kremers PhD2, Jennifer L. St. Sauver PhD, MPH2,3, Michelle M. Mielke PhD1,2, Yonas E. Geda MD, MSc2,4,5, Mary M. Machulda PhD, LP6, David S. Knopman MD1, Ronald C. Petersen MD, PhD1,2 and Rosebud O. Roberts MB, ChB, MS1,2,*

VitaminDWiki Summary

VitaminDWiki observes that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia are more likely if have crhonic diseases associated with low vitamin D. Note: Vitamin D is not mentioned in the study. Quote from the study:

  • “ . . specifically, previous research in the MCSA shows that chronic diseases such as
    cardiac disease,
    type 2 diabetes mellitus,
    cerebrovascular disease,
    depression, and
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

are risk factors for MCI.
Several of these chronic conditions are established risk factors for dementia (e.g.,

  • hypertension,
  • cerebrovascular disease,
  • dyslipidemia,
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus)

and for MCI and were included in multimorbidity in the present study.”

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Objectives
To determine the association between multiple chronic conditions and risk of incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia.

Design
Prospective cohort study.

Setting
Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Participants
Cognitively normal individuals (N = 2,176) enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA).

Measurements
Participants were randomly selected from the community, evaluated by a physician, and underwent neuropsychometric testing at baseline and at 15-month intervals to assess diagnoses of MCI and dementia. Information on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for chronic conditions in the 5 years before enrollment was electronically captured using the Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records linkage system. Multimorbidity was defined as having two or more chronic conditions, and the association between multimorbidity and MCI and dementia was examined using Cox proportional hazards models.

Results
Of 2,176 cognitively normal participants (mean age ± standard deviation 78.5 ± 5.2; 50.6% male), 1,884 (86.6%) had multimorbidity. The risk of MCI or dementia was higher in persons with multimorbidity (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05–1.82) than in those with one or no chronic condition. The HR was of greater magnitude in persons with four or more conditions (HR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.21–2.13) than in those with two or three conditions (HR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.76–1.39) and for men with multimorbidity (HR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.01–2.31) than for women with multimorbidity (HR = 1.20, 95% CI = 0.83–1.74), compared to those with one or no chronic condition.

Conclusion
In older adults, having multiple chronic conditions is associated with greater risk of MCI and dementia. This is consistent with the hypothesis that multiple etiologies may contribute to MCI and late-life dementia. Preventing chronic diseases may be beneficial in delaying or preventing MCI and dementia.

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Attached files

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6239 Multi T4.jpg admin 11 Dec, 2015 16:16 54.61 Kb 362
6238 Multi dementia.jpg admin 11 Dec, 2015 16:16 20.73 Kb 350
6237 Multimorbidity and Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment.pdf PDF 2015 admin 11 Dec, 2015 15:41 118.64 Kb 282
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