Curr Med Chem. 2016 Dec 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Crescioli C1, Minisola S.
1Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, 00135 Rome, Italy.
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171 items in Autoimmune category
- Vitamin D and MS Asthma RA Diabetes Gut Allergy Hay Fever Muscular Dystrophy Lupus Psoriasis
- Autoimmune disease clusters run in families having low D
- How Vitamin D reduces inflammation, improves immunity and fights autoimmunity – review Dec 2018
- 120 doctors and 20,000 MS patients using high dose Vitamin D Dec 2018
- Vitamin D has treated Multiple Sclerosis and autoimmune diseases for 16 years – Coimbra April 2018
- Vitamin D Receptor is associated in over 58 autoimmune studies
- Many autoimmune diseases associated with low vitamin D or poor Vit D genes – July 2019
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Autoimmune Diseases have been increasing - Oct 2015
Vitamin D deficiency is considered a risk factor for autoimmune diseases. Vitamin D and its analogues have been proposed as therapeutic tools in autoimmunity considering their exquisite immunoregulatory effect against over-reactivity towards tolerance. Autoimmune diseases, nowadays recognized as emerging non communicable diseases, are characterized by a significant female bias. This sexual dimorphism seems related to sex hormones, which differently affect male and female immune systems.
- Males show higher immunosuppression, maybe due to androgens;
- the greater female immunoreactivity and competence, likely related to estrogens, lead to a greater resilience to infections but also to a higher risk for autoimmunity.
Higher interest could be given to vitamin D-based supplementation or therapy for autoimmune diseases in relation to gender as well.
This review aims to discuss the role of vitamin D in autoimmune diseases with a view inside gender-related differences, in light of the interplay between vitamin D and sex hormones, especially estrogens.
Some beneficial effects against autoimmune processes seem to be allowed by vitamin D acting in synergy with estrogens. This observation suggests that possible differences of vitamin D effects depend on the context in which this hormone is active.
Rather sex-related differences of "absolute" vitamin D levels, the role of gender-dependent factors affecting vitamin D action seems to be critical. Gender and sexual hormones could be included as variables when evaluating the potential power of vitamin D receptor agonists as novel pharmacological tools to approach autoimmune diseases.
PMID: 28000549Women resist infections better, but have more autoimmune diseases – Vitamin D- Dec 2016
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