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Vitamin D is the most commonly used supplement by elite female soccer players – June 2021

Dietary supplements usage by elite female football players: an exploration of current practices

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2021 Jun 4. doi: 10.1111/sms.14001
Catarina B Oliveira 1, Mónica Sousa 1 2, Rodrigo Abreu 3 4, Ângela Ferreira 4, Pedro Figueiredo 3 5, Vincenzo Rago 6, Vitor Hugo Teixeira 4 7, João Brito 3

VitaminDWiki

Overview Sports and vitamin D has the following summary:

Athletes are helped by vitamin D by:

  1. Faster reaction time
  2. Far fewer colds/flus during the winter
  3. Less sore/tired after a workout
  4. Fewer micro-cracks and broken bones
  5. Bones which do break heal much more quickly
  6. Increased VO2 and exercise endurance Feb 2011
  7. Indoor athletes especially need vitamin D
  8. Professional indoor athletes are starting to take vitamin D and/or use UV beds
  9. Olympic athletes have used UV/vitamin D since the 1930's
  10. The biggest gain from the use of vitamin D is by those who exercise less than 2 hours per day.
  11. Reduced muscle fatigue with 10,000 IU vitamin D daily
  12. Muscle strength improved when vitamin D added: 3 Meta-analysis
  13. Reduced Concussions
    See also: Sports and Vitamin D category 241 items

Sports category starts with:

241 items in Sports category

Sports benefits from up to 50 ng (click on chart for details)
Sports benefit up to 50 ng @ /is.gd/Vitdsports
see also:
Overview Sports and vitamin D     Concussions
Military    Muscle    Overview Fractures and vitamin D
Vitamin D supplementation increases strength of lower muscles – Meta-analysis April 2019
Athletes helped by weekly 50,000 IU Vitamin D – RCT Aug 2019
Many Foot and ankle problems are treated by Vitamin D – review of 35 studies – Sept 2019
Vitamin D provides faster recovery after muscle overuse – April 2013
Olympic Committee consensus on Vitamin D, Omega-3, Zinc, etc– May 2018
NCAA trainers are getting on board the Vitamin D train (40-50 ng)– Nov 2019


The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dietary supplements usage (types, reasons for usage, sources of information, purchase venues) among elite female football players, using a self-administered questionnaire. The study participants (n = 103) were recruited through team physicians during an official international tournament. Overall, 82% reported using dietary supplements at least once during the last 12 months.
The most common dietary supplements were

  • vitamin D (52%),
  • omega-3 fatty acids (49%), and
  • protein (45%).

Primary reasons for dietary supplement use were to stay healthy (66%), to accelerate recovery (58%), and to increase energy/reduce fatigue (54%). Supplement advice came mainly from medical doctors (46%), dietitians/nutritionists (43%), and coaches/fitness coaches (41%). Most dietary supplements were acquired from supplement stores (30%), a sponsor (26%), or drugstores/pharmacies (22%). Elite female football players are frequent dietary supplement users. Further research needs to explore the frequency, dose, and timing of these supplements.

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