Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Sep 1;196(5):628-637. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201705-0936OC.
Ganmaa D1,2, Munkhzul B3, Fawzi W2, Spiegelman D1,2, Willett WC1,2, Bayasgalan P3, Baasansuren E3, Buyankhishig B3, Oyun-Erdene S3, Jolliffe DA4, Xenakis T4, Bromage S2, Bloom BR2, Martineau AR4.
- Overview Tuberculosis and Vitamin D
- Million TB deaths annually, yet proven treatments of Vitamin D, sunshine, etc are not used – July 2017
- Tuberculosis 4.5X more likely if vitamin D less than 10 nanogram – meta-analysis May 2015
Items in both categories TB and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
- TB patients had low Vitamin D and poor Vitamin D receptor – June 2019
- TB and Leprosy are easily confused and associated with Vitamin D Receptor
- Certain types of Tuberculosis are 2X more likely with a poor Vitamin D Receptor – April 2019
- Tuberculosis increased risk if poor Vitamin D receptor varies by race – meta-analysis Feb 2019
- Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (Mexico) – April 2018
- TB risk in Blacks increased 20 percent having poor Vitamin D Receptors – Sept 2017
- Tuberculosis 1.3 times more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis Oct 2016
- Tuberculosis, genes and vitamin D – Meta-Analysis Dec 2013
Items in both categories TB and Vitamin D Binding Protein are listed here:
- Higher risk of pulmonary tuberculosis if any of 3 vitamin D genes are poor – April 2021
- Tuberculosis not treated by monthly 140,000 IU (Vitamin D binding protein problem) – RCT Sept 2017
- TB lowers vitamin D, then HIV lowers it even more - 2014
- Tuberculosis, Genes, Vitamin D Binding Protein, and RCT – Review Aug 2014
Existing trials of adjunctive vitamin D in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are variously limited by small sample sizes, inadequate dosing regimens, and high baseline vitamin D status among participants. Comprehensive analyses of the effects of genetic variation in the vitamin D pathway on response to vitamin D supplementation are lacking.
To determine the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 on response to antimicrobial therapy for PTB and to evaluate the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vitamin D pathway genes on response to adjunctive vitamin D3.
We conducted a clinical trial in 390 adults with PTB in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, who were randomized to receive four biweekly doses of 3.5 mg (140,000 IU) vitamin D3 (n = 190) or placebo (n = 200) during intensive-phase antituberculosis treatment.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
The intervention elevated 8-week serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (154.5 nmol/L vs. 15.2 nmol/L in active vs. placebo arms, respectively; 95% confidence interval for difference, 125.9-154.7 nmol/L; P < 0.001) but did not influence time to sputum culture conversion overall (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.09; 95% confidence interval, 0.86-1.36; P = 0.48). Adjunctive vitamin D3 accelerated sputum culture conversion in patients with one or more minor alleles for SNPs in genes encoding the vitamin D receptor (rs4334089, rs11568820) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1: rs4646536) (adjusted hazard ratio ≥ 1.47; P for interaction ≤ 0.02).
Vitamin D3 did not influence time to sputum culture conversion in the study population overall. Effects of the intervention were modified by SNPs in VDR and CYP27B1. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01657656).