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T1 Diabetes 6.5 X more likely in South African Blacks if poor Vitamin D Binding Protein – July 2022

The association of vitamin D binding protein levels and genotypes with type 1 diabetes in the black South African population

BMC Endocr Disord. 2022 Jul 17;22(1):182. doi: 10.1186/s12902-022-01097-1.
Eleanor M Cave 1, Sureka Bhola 1 2, Nigel J Crowther 1 2, Carolyn J Padoa 3 4

Background: Vitamin D deficiency and the vitamin D pathway have previously been associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The majority of vitamin D is transported through the blood bound to the vitamin D binding protein (VDBP). Two polymorphisms in the VDBP gene (rs4588 and rs7041) result in different VDBP variants and have been associated with T1D, however the results are not consistent. The association of VDBP levels and its polymorphisms with T1D have not been investigated in the black South African population. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether rs4588, rs7041 or serum VDBP levels were associated with T1D in this population.

Methods: Participants with type 1 diabetes and controls were recruited from the greater Johannesburg area, South Africa. Participants were genotyped for rs4588 and rs7041 using PCR-RFLP and serum VDBP levels were determined by ELISA.

Results: There was no difference in VDBP allelic or genotypic frequencies between participants with T1D and controls (rs4588 C allele frequency 0.92 vs. 0.94; p = 0.390 and rs7041 T allele frequency 0.95 vs. 0.95; p = 0.890). In univariate analysis, the rs4588 CC genotype was associated with increased serum VDBP levels, however, this association was lost with multivariate analysis. The VDBP genotypes were not associated with any other study variables. In logistic regression analysis, higher VBDP levels were associated with T1D (OR: (95% CI): 6.58 (1.45-29.9); p = 0.015), and within a linear regression analysis, T1D disease status was found to be associated with 0.044 mg/ml higher VDBP levels (p = 0.028).

Conclusions: These data suggest that serum VDBP levels are positively associated with the presence of T1D in the African population. Whether VDBP lies in the causal pathway or its elevation is an effect of T1D is uncertain and requires further investigation.
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VitaminDWiki - Vitamin D Binding Protein category listing has 176 items and contains

Vitamin D Binding Protein (GC) gene can decrease the bio-available Vitamin D that can get to cells,

  • GC is not the only such gene - there are 3 others, all invisible to standard Vitamin D tests
  • The bio-available calculation does not notice the effect of GC, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, and VDR
  • The actual D getting to the cells is a function of measured D and all 4 genes
  • There is >2X increase in 8+ health problems if have poor VDBP (GC)
  • It appears that VDBP only blocks oral vitamin D,

VitaminDWiki - Vitamin D Binding Protein has a list of health problems

Health Problem
11 XPreeclampsia
6.5XT1D in SA Blacks
6 XFood Allergy
4 X, 5XKidney Cancer
4 XPoor Response to Oral Vitamin D
3 XEar infection
2.8 X MS
2 X Colorectal Cancer
2 XProstate Cancer -in those with dark skins
1.3 XInfertility

VitaminDWiki - 5 studies in both categories VDBP and Diabetes (both kinds)

This list is automatically updated

VitaminDWiki - 24 studies in both categories Skin-Dark and Diabetes (both kinds)

This list is automatically updated

Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday July 18, 2022 08:49:46 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)

Attached files

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18120 T1D 6 X more likely if poor binding protein in South African Blacks_CompressPdf.pdf admin 18 Jul, 2022 160.74 Kb 114
18119 T1D and VDBP.jpg admin 18 Jul, 2022 39.89 Kb 174