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T-cells need at least 40-50 ng of Vitamin D to fight COVID-19 - June 2021

By: Paul E. Alexander, PhD, Health Research Methodologist Evidence-Based-Medicine
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact
McMaster University Assistant Professor http://hei.mcmaster.ca/
GUIDE Research Methods Group http://guidecanada.org/

T-lymphocytes require a level of minimum 40ng/mL (optimally 50) in order to function properly (internal cell signaling). For example, India has a severe insufficiency of vitamin D (97% for adults and elderly had 91% outright deficiency (<20ng/ml).

 Evidence indicates that persons with auto-immunity often have a CD8+ T-cell deficiency. CD8+T-cells express the highest amount of the Vitamin D receptors of all immune system cells and can be upregulated with high-dose Vitamin D. A rapid and competent response by CD8+T-cells is a game-changer in COVID-19 outcomes.  “Antibody response is often a poor marker of prior coronavirus infection, particularly in mild infections, and is shorter-lived than virus-reactive T-cells”

Researchers argue that monitoring and assessing circulating vitamin D levels status and clinical prognostic indices in COVID-19 patients is critical in the responding. “Vitamin D deficiency is associated with compromised inflammatory responses and higher pulmonary involvement in COVID-19 affected patients. Vitamin D assessment, during COVID-19 infection, could be a useful analysis for possible therapeutic interventions”.

 Researchers report that in order for T cells to become active members of the body's immune system, “they must transition from so-called "naive" T cells into either killer cells or helper cells (which are charged with "remembering" specific invaders). And, if ample vitamin D is not around, the T cells do not make that crucial transition”. "When a T cell is exposed to a foreign pathogen, it extends a signaling device of 'antenna' known as a vitamin D receptor, with which it searches for vitamin D," Geisler said in a prepared statement. If there is an inadequate vitamin D level, he noted, "they won't even begin to mobilize."

 Persons with auto-immunity need higher doses of Vitamin D to modulate the immune system.  “A 2009 Archives of Internal Medicine study found that 77 percent of U.S. adults and teenagers surveyed did not have the estimated minimum healthful level of 30 nanograms per milliliter in their blood. And just three percent of blacks in the survey were getting enough of the vitamin”.


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Virus category listing has 736 items along with related searches

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Search for treg OR "t-cell" in VitaminDWiki 1440 items as of Jan 2020
141 VitaminDWiki pages contained "infection" in title (June 2021)
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Vitamin D and the Immune System – chapter Aug 2019
7X less risk of influenza if Vitamin D levels higher than 30 ng – Oct 2017
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Vitamin D improves T Cell immunity – RCT Feb 2016
Immune system - great 11-minute animated video - Aug 2021 nothing about Vitamin D
13 titles in VitaminDWiki contained INNATE or ADAPTIVE as of July 2021
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Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday June 1, 2021 18:27:32 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)
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