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Swine flu not prevented by 2,000 IU of vitamin D daily (the upper limit at the time) – RCT 2014

Effects of vitamin D supplements on influenza A illness during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: a randomized controlled trial

Food Funct., 2014,5, 2365-2370 https://doi.org/10.1039/C4FO00371C
Mitsuyoshi Urashima,*ab Hidetoshi Mezawa,ab Miki Noyaa and Carlos A. Camargo, Jr.c


No indication in the 2014 study as to the vitamin D levels at 2 months

Flu has the following
Vitamin D fights all phases of Influenza

63 studies reference this staudy as of Feb 2021

 Download the PDF from sci-hub via VitaminDWiki

In a prior randomized trial, we found that the incidence of influenza A was less in the vitamin D3 group than among those on placebo, but the total incidence of either influenza A or B did not differ between groups. In this trial, the incidence of influenza A or B was less in the vitamin D3 group than in the placebo group only during the first half of the study. To elucidate whether vitamin D3 has preventive actions against influenza A, we conducted another trial during the 2009 pandemic of the H1N1 subtype of influenza A. Students (n = 247) of a Japanese high school were randomly assigned to receive vitamin D3 supplements (n = 148; 2000 IU per day) or a placebo (n = 99) in a double-blind study for 2 months. The primary outcome was incidence of influenza A diagnosed by a rapid influenza diagnostic test by medical doctors. Influenza A was equally likely in the vitamin D3 group (20/148: 13.5%) compared with the placebo group (12/99: 12.1%). By post hoc analysis, influenza A occurred significantly less in the vitamin D3 group (2/148: 1.4%) compared with the placebo group (8/99: 8.1%) (risk ratio, 0.17; 95% confidence interval, 0.04 to 0.77; P = 0.009) in the first month. However, during the second month, the vitamin D3 group experienced more events and effectively caught up with the placebo group. Vitamin D3 supplementation did not lower the overall incidence of influenza A during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. A post hoc analysis suggests that the initial benefit during the first month of treatment was lost during the second month.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday February 10, 2021 00:50:53 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
14229 GT 30 ng.jpg admin 30 Aug, 2020 107.16 Kb 586
14228 Swine flu 2009 Vitamin D NOT help RCT.pdf admin 30 Aug, 2020 280.00 Kb 509