Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms are associated with triceps skin fold thickness and body fat percentage but not with body mass index or waist circumference in Han Chinese.
Lipids Health Dis. 2019 Apr 11;18(1):97. doi: 10.1186/s12944-019-1027-2.
Shen F1, Wang Y1, Sun H1, Zhang D1, Yu F1, Yu S1, Han H1, Wang J1, Ba Y2, Wang C3, Li W1, Li X4.
*Search VitaminDWiki for "SKIN FOLD" 21 items as of April 2019
Items in both categories Obesity and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
- Risk of sleep apnea in obese increases 3.4X with poor vitamin D Receptor – Sept 2021
- Large weight loss 32X more likely to be achieved if weight gain was due to Vitamin D Receptor – Jan 2020
- Obesity 2X higher risk if a poor Vitamin D Receptor (13th study) – Dec 2019
- Obesity 1.5 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis Nov 2019
- Obesity associated with poor Vitamin D genes (VDR in this study) – Jan 2018
- Skin fold thickness but not BMI associated with poor Vitamin D Receptor in Han Chinese – April 2018
- Resveratrol improves health (Vitamin D receptor, etc.)
- Obesity might be related to Vitamin D genes – July 2018
- Obesity 1.5 X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – Dec 2017
- Obesity in 700 young adults associated with a poor Vitamin D Receptor – Jan 2018
- Obese are 30 percent more likely to have poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2017
- Vitamin D restricted in getting to cells by genes, obesity, etc – Jan 2017
- Vitamin D Receptor and Obesity – several studies
- Vitamin D activates the hypothalamus (in rodents) to reduce weight and diabetes– May 2016
- Obesity strongly associated with vitamin D receptor in Saudia Arabia – July 2014
Items in both categories Metabolic Syndrome and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
Overview Obesity and Vitamin D contains the following summary
- FACT: People who are obese have less vitamin D in their blood
- FACT: Obese need a higher dose of vitamin D to get to the same level of vit D
- FACT: When obese people lose weight the vitamin D level in their blood increases
- FACT: Adding Calcium, perhaps in the form of fortified milk, often reduces weight
- FACT: 168 trials for vitamin D intervention of obesity as of Dec 2021
- FACT: Less weight gain by senior women with > 30 ng of vitamin D
- FACT: Dieters lost additional 5 lbs if vitamin D supplementation got them above 32 ng - RCT
- FACT: Obese lost 3X more weight by adding $10 of Vitamin D
- FACT: Those with darker skins were more likely to be obese Sept 2014
- OBSERVATION: Low Vitamin D while pregnancy ==> more obese child and adult
- OBSERVATION: Many mammals had evolved to add fat and vitamin D in the autumn
- and lose both in the Spring - unfortunately humans have forgotten to lose the fat in the Spring
- SUGGESTION: Probably need more than 4,000 IU to lose weight if very low on vitamin D due to
risk factors such as overweight, age, dark skin, live far from equator,shut-in, etc.
- Obesity category has
- Normal weight Obese (50 ng = 125 nanomole)
Evidence shows that low serum vitamin D concentrations account for an increased risk of obesity by inducing vitamin D receptor (VDR) hypofunction. Although the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of VDR gene and obesity-related anthropometric measures (such as body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference[WC]) has already been tested, there are only few studies on the association between direct measures of body fat percentage (BFP) and triceps skinfold thickness and the SNPs of VDR. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of VDR gene polymorphism on multiple obesity indexes in Han Chinese, including BMI, WC, BFP and triceps skinfold thickness.
In this cross-sectional study, five hundred and seventeen healthy Chinese adults were enrolled in the trial. Four loci in VDR gene (rs2228570 [FokI], rs2189480, rs2239179 and rs7975232[ApaI]) were genotyped by TaqMan probe assays. Obesity indexes including BMI, WC, BFP and triceps skinfold thickness were used to evaluate the relationship to the VDR SNPs. Multiple logistic regression, linear regression and general multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) were performed to analyze the correlation of VDR gene and obesity indexes.
None of the VDR SNPs were associated with BMI and WC, the C allele of FokI and the T allele of ApaI were associated with an increase in BFP (β = 0.069,P = 0.007; β = 0.087, P = 0.022 respectively); the G allele of rs2239179 and the T allele of ApaI were associated with an increase in triceps skin fold thickness (β = 0.074, P = 0.001; β = 0.122, P < 0.001 respectively). In regards to adiposity-related metabolic parameters, we found that the GT genotype of ApaI was associated with higher level of total cholesterol (TC) (P = 0.013) and Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P = 0.001).
Though we failed to prove that VDR SNPs were in correlation with BMI and WC, we did establish the association between VDR variants and BFP, as well as triceps skinfold thickness. Data obtained suggested that the VDR variants play an important role in regulating adipose tissue activity and adiposity among Han Chinese.Skin fold thickness but not BMI associated with poor Vitamin D Receptor in Han Chinese – April 2018
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