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Skin cancer (in mice) due to UV was prevented by vitamin D (active, topical) – June 2016

Protective Effect of Topical Vitamin D3 against Photocarcinogenesis in a Murine Model.

Ann Dermatol. 2016 Jun;28(3):304-313. Epub 2016 May 25.
Kim JS1, Jung M1, Yoo J1, Choi EH2, Park BC1, Kim MH1, Hong SP1.
1Department of Dermatology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
2Department of Dermatology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

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BACKGROUND:
Although the incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer is increasing, there are no effective practical preventive measures other than avoiding sun exposure.
OBJECTIVE:
To elucidate the protective effect of topical application of biologically active vitamin D3 (calcitriol) on skin cancer development caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV).
METHODS:
Groups of hairless mice were topically treated with either calcitriol or vehicle immediately after exposure to UVB and UVA three times weekly for the initial 20 weeks, and without UV exposure in the following 6 weeks. Tumor number was counted and biopsies were done for histopathologic analysis. The changes of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) were evaluated 1 hour and 11 hours after short term of UV exposure and application of calcitriol. For safety evaluation, blood test and body weights were evaluated at 23rd and 25th week.
RESULTS:
Total tumor count and number of tumors less than 3 mm in size tended to be fewer in calcitriol group, and tumors more than 3 mm in size showed significantly lower tumor formation rate in calcitriol group. Single application of calcitriol reduced CPD at 1 hour and 11 hours after UV exposure. Histopathologic analysis showed tumors with lower grade malignancy in calcitriol group which suggested a delay in tumor progression. However, serum levels of calcium and phosphate in calcitriol group were above normal range, and weight loss was found.
CONCLUSION:
Topical calcitriol may suppress the formation and progression of UV-induced non-melanoma skin cancer by enhancing the repair mechanism of UV damage.

PMID: 27274628

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6766 Skin cancer mice F2.jpg admin 10 Jun, 2016 00:14 36.46 Kb 977
6765 Skin cancer mice.jpg admin 10 Jun, 2016 00:14 39.99 Kb 2774
6764 Skin cancer mice.pdf PDF 2016 admin 10 Jun, 2016 00:13 674.13 Kb 237
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