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Risk of preeclampsia should drop to nearly zero at 60 ng of Vitamin D – July 2022

The Influence of Maternal Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancies Associated with Preeclampsia: A Case-Control Study

Nutrients 2022, 14(15), 3008; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14153008
by George Dahma 1,Radu Neamtu 1ORCID,Razvan Nitu 1,*,Adrian Gluhovschi 1ORCID,Felix Bratosin 2ORCID,Mirela Loredana Grigoras 2,Carmen Silaghi 1,Cosmin Citu 1ORCID,Igwe Nwobueze Orlu 3,Sanket Bhattarai 4ORCID,Adelina Geanina Mocanu 1,Marius Craina 1 andElena Bernad 1ORCID

  • 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
  • 2 Methodological and Infectious Diseases Research Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
  • 3 Faculty of General Medicine, University of Debrecen Medical School, Nagyerdei Street 94, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
  • 4 KIST Medical College, Imadol Marg, Lalitpur 44700, Nepal


Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific illness that is hypothesized to occur due to vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy. Therefore, vitamin D supplementation in early pregnancy should be explored for preventing preeclampsia and promoting neonatal well-being. The present study follows a case-control analysis that aims to determine the effect of vitamin D supplements on reducing the probability of recurrent preeclampsia. We identified 59 patients for the control group without vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy, while 139 patients were included in the cases group of pregnant women with a history of preeclampsia who confirmed taking daily vitamin D supplements in either 2000 UI or 4000 UI until the 36th week of pregnancy. There were 61 (80.3%) patients with a normal serum vitamin D level measured at 32 weeks in the pregnant women who took a daily dose of 4000 UI vitamin D and 43 (68.3%) in those who took a 2000 UI dose of vitamin D, compared to just 32 (54.2%) in those who did not take vitamin D at all. Regarding the blood pressure of pregnant women measured at 32 weeks, it was observed that 20.3% were hypertensive in the no supplementation group, compared to only 11.1% and 6.6% in those who were taking vitamin D during pregnancy (p-value = 0.049). Serum vitamin D levels at 32 weeks were measured at an average value of 23.9 ng/mL, compared with 28.4 ng/mL in the group taking a 2000 UI daily dose and 33.6 in those who supplemented with 4000 UI daily (p-value < 0.001).

Proteinuria was identified more often in the group at risk for preeclampsia who did not take vitamin D supplements, while systolic blood pressure (p-value = 0.036) as well as diastolic blood pressure (p-value = 0.012), were all identified to have significantly higher values in the pregnant women with a history of preeclampsia that did not take vitamin D during the current pregnancy.

The significant risk factors for preeclampsia development in pregnant patients at risk are: insufficient vitamin D serum levels (<20 ng/mL), OR = 2.52; no vitamin D supplementation, OR = 1.46; more than two pregnancies, OR = 1.89; gestational diabetes mellitus, OR = 1.66; and cardiovascular comorbidities, OR = 2.18. These findings imply that vitamin D has a role in the preservation of placental function and, therefore, in the prevention of the development of late preeclampsia. Pregnant mothers who supplemented their diets with vitamin D were protected against preeclampsia recurrence. Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy may aid in the prevention of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia.
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VitaminDWiki - 40 studies in both categories Pregnancy and Hypertension

This list is automatically updated

40-150 ng of Vitamin D need to treat various health problems

Vitamin D Treats
150 ng Multiple Sclerosis *
80 ng Cluster Headache *
Reduced office visits by 4X *
70 ngSleep *
60 ngPreeclampsia RCT
50 ng COVID-19
Infections Review
Infection after surgery
40 ng Depression
ACL recovery
30 ng Rickets

* Evolution of experiments with patients, often also need co-factors

Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday July 22, 2022 15:54:59 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
18162 Preeclampsia 0, 2000, 4000.jpg admin 22 Jul, 2022 15:38 21.29 Kb 75
18161 Risk of preeclampsia.jpg admin 22 Jul, 2022 15:37 41.25 Kb 139
18160 Preeclampsia July 2022_CompressPdf.pdf PDF 2022 admin 22 Jul, 2022 15:37 267.91 Kb 21
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